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3209 Culture&Ethnici

3209 Culture & Ethnicity

combination of prayers, chanting, & herbs to treat illness caused by supernatural factors a Native American practice of healing
old lady "granny midwife" as their healer an African American practice of healing
use of products that restore the balance between yin and yang a Chinese & Southeast Asian practice of healing
Curandero as their healer a Hispanic practice of healing
naturalistic therapies to prevent and treat illness an Asian Indian practice of healing
systematic & comprehensive exam of the cultural care values, beliefs, & practices of ind, families, & communities. goal is to gather significant info from pt that will enable nurse to implement culturally congruent care cultural assessment
aim is to encourage pts to describe values, beliefs, & practices that are significant to their care that health care providers will take for granted unless otherwise covered aim of asking questions in the cultural assessment
knowledge of a pt's country of origin & its history & ecological contexts are significant to health care ethnic heritage & ethnohistory component of cultural assessment
pt's health risks r/t sociocultural & biological history (identify on admission). some distinct health risks are due to the ecological context of the culture biocultural history component of cultural assessment
culture defines the expected roles of its members. cultural groups consist of units of organization defined by kinship, status, & appropriate roles for their members. nuclear family vs collectivistic cultures social organization component of cultural assessment
major influences in the pt's worldview about health & illness, pain & suffering, & life & death. many cultures do not separate religion & spirituality, whereas others have a totally distinct concept of spirituality. religious & spiritual beliefs component of cultural assessment
patterns that reflect core cultural values of society; different cultural groups have distinct linguistic and communication patterns communication patterns component of cultural assessment
past, present, & future time dimensions; important for nurse to understand their pt's _____ ______; info useful in planning day of care, setting up appts for procedures, & helping pt plan self-care activities in the home time orientation
caring expressions integrate the central values of a culture. many integrate religious & spiritual beliefs in caring practices. assessment reveals info about pt's beliefs about illness & meaning of the signs & symptoms caring beliefs & practices
-Respect for/about pt -Concern for/about pt -Attention to detail/anticipation of pt need -Helping/assisting -Active listening -Presence -Understanding -Connectedness -Protection -Touching -Comfort measures Recurrent caring constructs identified in both Western & non-Western cultures
cultures mark transitions to different phases of life by rituals that symbolize cultural values & meanings attached to life passages: pregnancy, childbirth, newborn, postpartum period, grief & loss Culture & Life Transitions (practices surrounding life events provides view of cultural meanings & expressions relevant to transitions)
1 cultural care preservation/maintenance 2 cultural care accommodation/negotiation 3 cultural care repatterning/restructing **Nurses are able to use any or all of these action modes simultaneously** 3 nursing decision & action modes to achieve culturally congruent care
facilitates culturally congruent communication & intercultural relationships impression management
Created by: garzakd