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Normal Lab

common lab values

QuestionAnswer
Calcium 8.5 - 10.5mg/100ml
Chloride 100-106mEq/L
Creatinine 0.6 - 1.5mg/100ml
Glucose Fasting: 70-110mg/100ml
Potassium 3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
Albumin 3.5 - 5.0g/100ml
Sodium 135 -145 mEq/L
Ureanitrogen (BUN) 8-25mg/100ml
Hematocrit - Males 45 - 52%
Hematocrit - Females 37 - 48%
Hemoglobin - Males 13 -18g/100ml
Hemoglobin - Females 12-16g/100ml
Platelet count 150,000-350,000mm3
BMI Normal weight 18.5-24.9
Underweight BMI <18.5
Overweight BMI 25-29.9
Obesity BMI > or = 30
pulse 60-80 (at rest)
BP 120/80
respirations 12-20
TURP Transurethral Resection of the prostrate. A surgical procedure to remove prostrate tissue with the use of a resectoscope inserted through the urethra
What are the 5 P's pain, pallor, paresthesia, paralysis, pulse
Normal adult temperature 98.6 37 celsius
Name the 4 lab values we should know that are measured in mg/100mL. BUN, Calcium, Creatinine, Glucose
Name the 3 lab values we should know that are measured in G/100mL. Albumin, Hemoglobin male, Hemoglobin female
Name the 3 Lab values we should know that measured in mEQ/L Sodium, Potassium, Chloride
Name the two Lab values we should know that are measured in percents Hematocrit male 45-52%, Hematocrit female 37-48%
What Lab value do we have to know is measured in mm cubed? Platelet count 150,000 to 350,000mm3
What is a normal oxygen saturation level for an adult? 90-100%
What is the formula for converting fahrenheit to celsius? To convert from Farenheit to Celsius, use this equation:C=(F-32) x 5/9
What is the formula for converting celsius to fahrenheit To convert from Celsius to Farenheit, use this equation: F=(9/5 x C) + 32
What is a way to convert celsius to fahrenheit in your head? 1) double the Celsius temperature (2 x 30 = 60) 2) subtract one tenth of this value (60 - 6 = 54) 3) add 32 (54 + 32 = 86 degrees)
What is the normal range for serum alkaline phosphatase? 30-120 U/L
What does elevated alkaline phosphatase indicate? Bone trouble...Healing fracture, bone cancer, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, Paget's disease
What is the normal ranges for serum calcium levels? 9-11 mg/dl or 4.5 -5.5 mEq/L
What is the normal range for Leukocytes? 4300 - 10,800/mm cubed
What organ is responsible for the synthesis of albumin? The liver
What happens to fluids if albumin levels are decreased? Fluid will shift from blood vessels to the tissues leading to edema formation.
Name 7 conditions that could lead to decreased albumin levels(LF,C,M,M,UC,RD,P). Acute liver failure, Cirrhosis, malnutrition, malabsorption syndromes, ulcerative colitis, renal disorders, and preeclampsia
What conditions increase albumin levels (d,sd, v)? Dehydration, Severe Diarrhea, Vomiting
Blood Ph 7.35 to 7.45
PaCO2 35 to 45 mmHg
Bicarbonate 22 to 26 mEq/L
What is a desirable total cholesterol level? <200mg/dL
What cholesteral level is considered moderate risk? 200-240 mg/dL
High Risk Cholesterol level >240mg/dL
How do you calculate BMI? body weight in KG divided by Height in meters squared. Convert lb to kg - 150 lbs / 2.2 = 68.2 kg; convert hieght to meters - 64" x 0.0254 = 1.63 meters; 1.63 x 1.63 = 2.66; 68.2/2.66 = 25.6 overweight BMI
Male hemoglobin 14-18 g/dl
female hemoglobin 12-16 g/dL
pregnant hemoglobin >11 g/dL
Hemoglobin up to 6 yrs old 9.5-14 g/dL
Hemoglobin from 6-18 yrs old 10-15.5 g/dL
Newborn hemoglobin 14-24 g/dL
what are the effects of high altitude or pregnancy on hemoglobin values? high altitude = increased levels; pregnancy = normal for slight decreased levels
Pregnant HCT >33%
Newborn HCT 44-64%