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Tortora Chapter 1.1

Anatomy and Physiology Defined

Embryology The study of development from the fertilized egg to the end of the eighth week of development.
Developmental Biology (Anatomy) The study of development from the fertilized egg to the adult form.
Cell Biology (Cytology) Cellular structure and functions.
Histology Microscopic structure of tissues.
Surface Anatomy The study of the structures that can be identified from the outside of the body through visualization and palpation (gentle touch).
Gross Anatomy Structures that can be examined without using a microscope. Also called Macroscopic Anatomy.
Systemic Anatomy The anatomic study of particular systems of the body, such as the skeletal, muscular, nervous, cardiovascular, or urinary systems.
Regional Anatomy Specific regions of the body such as the head or the chest.
Radiographic Anatomy Body structures that can be visualized with x-rays.
Pathological Anatomy Structural changes (from gross to miicroscopic) caused by disease.
Neurophysiology Functional properties of nerve cells
Endocrinology Hormones (chemical regulators in the blood) and how they control body functions.
Cardiovascular Physiology Functions of the heart and blood vessels.
Immunology The study of the responses of the body when challenged by antigens. How the body defends itself against disease-causing agents.
Respiratory Physiology Functions of the air passageways and lungs.
Renal Physiology Functions of the kidneys.
Exercise Physiology Changes in cell and organ functions as a result of muscular activity.
Pathophysiology Functional changes associated with disease and aging.
Anatomy The structure or study of the structure of the body and the relation of its parts to each other.
Physiology Science that deals with the functions of an organism or its parts.
Created by: melijono2
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