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PSY-108 Sec. 1

Intro to Psychology Test Section 1 Prologue

Socrates Plato's teacher, believed mind and body are connected. Came before Plato.
Plato Believed mind and body are seperate, with brain taking care off all mental processes
Aristotle Believed mind and body are connected. Came after Plato and Socrates.
Descartes Believed mind and body interacted, connected but seperate. Some "ideas" are innate.
Bacon Founded scientific method. Empiricism
Locke Believed "ideas" are not innate, people are a "blank slate"
Empiricism Knowledge from "experience"
Introspection Looking inward
Functionalism Focuses on how mental and behavioral processes function
Structuralism Used introspection to explore elemental structure of human mind.
James Funtionalist,Consider the evolved functions
Titchener Created structuralism; look into the structure of the mind.
Freud Discovered psychoanalysis; study of human psychological functioning and behavior.
Behaviorism The view that Psychology is (1) an objective science and (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes
Cognitive Psychology Study of thinking, processing, and storing information
Humanistic Psychology Study of the growth potential of healthy people and individuals potential for growth
Developmental Psychology Studies the human changes from birth to death
Psychoanalysis Study of human psychological functioning and behavior
Social Psychology Studies the behavior of groups and the influence of social factors on the individual
Evolutionary Psychology Study of the psychological adaptations of humans to the changes in environment
Clinical Psychology Studies, asseses and treats people with psychological disorders
Personality Psychology Studies the patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behavior that makes a person unique
Industrial/Organizational Psychology Applies psychological theories and principals to organizations
Health Psychology Applies psychological theory and knowledge to promote personal and public health
Psychology (lit. "study of the soul" or "study of the mind"[1]) is an academic and applied discipline which involves the scientific study of human or animal mental functions and behaviors
Created by: mmb191