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200 Super Sci Facts

26 - 50

the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels blood pressure
the transfer of blood from one person to another blood transfusion
the part of the central nervous system that is located in the skull and controls the functions of the body brain
the part of the brain that controls automatic bodily functions brainstem
the part of the ari passageway that branch from the trachea and direct are into the lungs bronchi
an irritation or infection of the air passageways bronchitis
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree centigrade; a measure of energy derived from food or drink intake calorie
a disease in which some body cells grow and divide uncontrollably, damaging the parts of the body around them cancer
a tiny microscopic blood vessel, found all over the body, where substances are exchanged between the blood and the body cells capillary
energy-rich organic compounds, such as sugars and starches, that are made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. These are the major source of energy in animals and provide the raw materials to make parts of cells carbohydrate
a colorless, ordorless gas produced when substances-including tobacco - are burned. A byproduct of gasoline engine combustion. carbon monoxide
a substance or a factor in the environment that has been proven to cause cancer carcinogen
muscle tissue found only in the heart cardiac muscle
the body system that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood, and that carries needed substances to cells and carries waste products away from cells cardiovascular system
a smooth and flexible type of connective tissue found at the ends of bones, ears and nose. The skeletons of sharks and rays are mde of this substance. cartilage
the basic unit of structure and fuction in living things cell
the outside boundary of a cell; this membrane controls which substances can enter or leave the cell cell membrane
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things developed by German botanist Matthias Schleiden and zoologist Theodor Schwann in 1838. cell theroy
the brain that coordinates the actions of the muscles and helps maintain balance cerebellum
the part of the brain the interprets input from the senses, controls the movement of skeletal muscles, and carries out complex mental processes crebrum
the process that breaks large food molecules into smaller molecules so they can be used in the body chemical digestion
the use of drugs to kill cancer cells chemotherapy
a waxy, fatlike substance, found only in animals cells, that is an important part of body cells; can build up on artery walls causing atherosclerosis and hypertension cholesterol
a rod-shaped cellular structure made of chromatin; contains DNA, which carries the genetic information that controls inherited characteristics chromosome
Created by: andiroyce