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5th Grade Weather

A review of the 5th grade weather unit in North Carolina

QuestionAnswer
weather the state of the atmosphere at a certain time,a combination of temperature, precipitation, humidity and wind
precipitation after water vapor condenses, it falls to the ground
evaporation the change from liquid to water vapor
condensation water vapor forms small drops of water
runoff excess water that is not absorbed in the ground
cloud cover fraction of the sky covered by clouds: cloudy, partly cloudy, partly sunny
thermometer instrument used to measure temperature
anemometer instrument used to measure wind speed
front the area in which 2 air masses meet resulting in stormy weather
meteorologist scientist who studies weather
climate the average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time
wind vane instrument used to measure wind direction
rain gauge instrument used to measure amount of rain over a period of time
barometer instrument used to measure air pressure
potential energy stored energy; energy of position
kinetic energy energy of motion; moving energy
thermal energy total potential and kinetic energy of the particles in an object
radiation transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves through places with or without matter
transpiration plants give off water through stomata in leaves
atmosphere a layer of gases surrounding a planet
troposphere layer of the atmosphere 0-11 miles up
air mass a large region of the atmosphere where the air has similar properties throughout
high pressure system a whirling mass of cool dry air. It rotates clockwise
low pressure system a whirling mass of warm moist air.. it rotates counter-clockwise
cold front a boundary between 2 air masses, one cold and one warm, moving so that the colder air replaces the warmer air
mountain a very tall natural place - higher than a hill
density the measure of how tightly packed the matter in an object is
water cycle the continuous process by which water moves from the Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
collection when precipitation accumulates in a body of water, in the ground, or as runoff
ground water water stored in soil and rock beneath Earth's surface
water vapor water in a gas state
warm front boundary between 2 air masses (one warm and one cold) moving so that the warm air replaces the colder air
stationary front a boundary between 2 air masses that more or less doesn't move
data information
hemisphere half of a sphere; the Earth has four hemispheres: northern, southern, eastern, western
equator Imaginary, horizontal line around the middle of the Earth
latitude the distance north or south of the Equator
longitude the distance west or east of the Prime Meridian
angle of incidence angle the sunlight hits the Earth (more intensity = warmer); sometimes called angle of insolation
direct sunlight Sun rays that strike the Earth in a straight line (most direct, intense rays = Equator)
indirect sunlight Sun rays that strike the Earth at an angle
Earth's axis imaginary, vertical line through the middle of the Earth; Earth rotates around it
tilt of the Earth Earth is tilted on its axis at ≈ 23.5°.
rotation spin; the Earth rotates counter-clockwise on its axis
revolution orbit; the Earth revolves counter-clockwise around the Sun in an elliptical orbit
Sun driving force of weather
temperature degrees warm or cold
wind speed the swiftness the wind travels across the face of the Earth
wind direction reported by the direction from which wind originates
barometric pressure weight of the air above the surface of the Earth
convection transfer of thermal energy by liquids or gases
convection current a continual cycle of heat rising, cooling, sinking, and replacing rising heat.
conduction transfer of thermal energy between things that are touching
sea level where the ocean meets the land; zero elevation
elevation the height of a place above sea level
altitude the vertical elevation of an object; the distance above sea level or above Earth's surface
weather system all the parts of weather
heat energy that exists in matter
conductor any object that allows heat (energy) to pass through easily
insulator any object that is difficult for heat (energy) to pass through
Created by: aderrico
 

 
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