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Potter Client Safety

UTHSCSA N3802 Client Safety

What are the 4 basic physiological needs of patients? oxygen, nutrition, temperature, and humidity.
What is an example of a safety risk involving oxygen? Risk of carbon monoxide poisoning due to ill repair of furnace
What is an example of a safety risk involving nutrition? Risk of food poisoning due to improperly prepared or stored food
What is some examples of a safety risk involving temperature and humidity? Hypothermia, heat stroke, heat exhaustion
What areas of the environment should be considered that could put patients at risk for injury?(4) lighting, obstacles, bathroom hazards, security
What risks are decreased by providing adequate lighting? interior lighting decreases risks of falls, exterior lighting decreases risk of crimes at the home
What household obstacles can be removed to decrease risks of falls? doormats and rugs, wet spots on floor, clutter on tables and in closets, clutter on top of tall objects
What room of the home is the most frequent location of burns, falls, and poisonings? the bathroom
How can a bathroom be made more safe? raise toilet, place handles near toilet and tub, non-slip decals on tubs, add handheld shower heads, get child-resistant medication caps
What areas of should be considered in home security?(3) Fire risks, Risks from ill repair of home, crime risk
How can fire risks at home be reduced? add fire extinguisher, add fire detector, no smoking
What are examples of safety risks due to ill repair of a home? lead paint or lead plumbing, radon and carbon monoxide poisoning
What should be considered to decrease risk of crime at home? adequate lighting and locks
How can safety risks due to transmission of pathogens be reduced? hand hygiene, immunization, safe sexual practices, proper sewage systems, proper food handling
What are the 4 types of hazardous environment pollution? air pollution (ex second hand smoke), land pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution
What is the nurses role in bioterrorism? recognize, have a plan, notice trends, be aware of world issues that effect possibility of terrorism
What are the safety risks of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers? risk for intrinsic accidents and injuries, risk of poisioning
What age group is most at risk for accidents? infants, toddlers, and preschoolers
What are the safety risks of school-age children? risk for sports injuries, risk for injury from a stranger, risk of exposure to diseases
What age group has the most risk for sport injuries? school-age children
What are the safety risks of adolescents? smoking, drug and alcohol abuse, car accidents, sexual promiscuousness, depression, bullying
What age group is at the most risk for injury due to risk-taking behaviors? adolescents
What are the safety risks of adults? risks taken due to lifestyle: smoking, stress, inactivity, poor nutrition
What are the safety risks of older adults? risks of falls, car accidents, drug interactions, social coping, mental health (dementia)
What 4 individual risk factors should be considered in assessing safety? lifestyle, mobility, sensory or communication impairment, lack of safety awareness
What are the 4 types of safety risks to patients in a health care agency? falls, client-inherent accidents, procedure-related accidents, equipment-related accidents
What are client-inherent accidents? accidents caused by things clients do to themselves, ex: hit head in seizure
What are examples of procedure-related accidents? Medication errors, improper performance of a procedure, nosocomial infections
What clients are at risk for falls? older clients, clients w/: a history of falls; balance, gait, or mobility prob; postural hypertension; bladder dysfunction; neurological disease
What is the purpose of the National Patient Safety Goals? to reduce the risk of medical errors
What are 4 possible nursing diagnosis labels that relate to patient safety? risk for imbalanced temperature, impaired home maintenance, risk for injury, deficient knowledge
What interventions can be done to reduce safety risks for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers? educate parents on risks and how to improve safety of home
What interventions can be done to reduce safety risks for school-age children? educate children about protective equipment in sports, strangers, hygiene, and immunize
What interventions can be done to reduce safety risks for adolescents? educate adolescents about risks, provide role models, educate parents on setting expectations
What interventions can be done to reduce safety risks for adults? Discuss lifestyle choices that create risks
What interventions can be done to reduce safety risks for older adults? adjust hospital and home environment to compensate for aging changes and to reduce risk of fall
Created by: dietrichl