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Help study for Unit 2 quiz with this.

Agriculture Farming, livestock and/or crops.
Arid Hot, dry, little or no rain. Common climate of North Africa/Middle East
Artifact An object made or used by people in the past
B.C.E. Before Common Era – ancient times before the supposed birth of Christ.
C.E. Common Era - the time period beginning with the supposed year of Christ's birth
Christianity The religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ; the largest religion in the world
City-state A city with its own traditions, government, and laws; both a city and an independent state
Civilization Society with developed forms of religion, government, and learning
Cuneiform First Sumerian writing - used wedge-shaped characters
Desalination The removing of salt, especially from sea water, to make it drinkable
Drought Unusually long period with little or no rain
Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia) In ancient times, the geographic area located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (located in present day Iraq)
Hajj Pilgrimage (trip/journey) to Mecca that most Muslims try to make at least once in their lifetime
Hieroglyphic Writing system in which pictures and symbols are used to represent words and sounds
Irrigation Process of watering crops and/or livestock
Islam Most practiced monotheistic religion in North Africa/Middle East founded by the Arab prophet Muhammad, practiced by Muslims who travel or make a pilgrimage to Mecca, holy book is Koran
Judaism A major world religion that was founded by the Hebrews. A Rabbi studies and teaches others about Jewish law using the Torah in a synagogue
Monotheism/Monotheistic belief in only one god
OPEC The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, which decides the price and amount of oil produced each year in Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Venezuela, & other countries
Pillar A basic fact, idea, or principle – as in each of the Five Pillars of Islam: Prayer Fasting Give to Poor Pilgrimage to Mecca Profession – Belief in one God
Polytheism Belief in more than one god
Prehistory Events that happened before the invention of writing
Silt Fertile soil found near river banks
Theocracy Government ruled by a religious leader
Hahammurabi is best known for Creating laws
Created by: Evan_Studies
Popular Geography sets




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