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Ch 9 Word Focus List

TermDefinition
Adenoidectomy surgical removal of adenoids
Adenoiditis inflammation of adenoids
Allergist immunologist who has specialized training in treating allergies
Anaphylactic Shock (anaphylaxis) life-threatening condition resulting from severe allergic reaction causing cardiovascular and respiratory problems
Antigen a protein foreign to the body that produces an immune response- against that which produces
Antihistamine medication that blocks effects of histamine released by body during allergic reactions
Autoimmune Disease disease resulting from body's immune system attacking its own cells as if they were pathogens
Corticosteroid hormones produced by adrenal cortex; used as medication to treat autoimmune diseases due to their very strong anti-inflammatory properties
Elephantiasis results from blockage of lymphatic vessels that causes extreme tissue edema; severe leg swelling
HIV Antigen (antibody immunoassay) blood test for both the HIV antigen and antibodies; antigens can be detected very shortly after infection
Hives common name for appearance of wheals during allergic reaction
Immunodeficiency (immunocompromised) having an immune system that is unable o respond properly to pathogens
Immunoglobulin protection protein
Immunologist one who studies the immune system
Immunology branch of medicine that diagnoses and treats conditions involving the immune system
Immunosuppressant medication to block certain actions of immune system; used to prevent rejection of transplanted organ
Immunotherapy immunity treatment
Inflammation tissue response to injury; characterized by redness, pain, swelling, and feeling hot to touch
Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS) type of skin cancer often seen in patients with AIDS; consists of brownish-purple papules that begin in skin and spread to internal organs
Lymphatic pertaining to lymph
Lymphoma lymph tumor
Lymphedema lymph swelling
Lymphocyte lymph cell
Lymphadenectomy surgical removal of a lymph node
Lymphadenopathy disease of lymph nodes
Lymphangiopathy disease of lymph vessel
Lymphangioma lymph vessel tumor
Mononucleosis (mono) acute viral infection of lymphoid tissue with large number of abnormal white blood cells circulating in bloodstream
Nosocomial Infection (HAI) an infection that is the result of hospital exposure- healthcare-associated infection
Opportunistic Infection infection seen in patients with compromised immune systems
Pathogenic disease producing
Pathogen that which produces disease
Pathology study of disease
Pathologist one who studies disease
Phagocyte eating cell
Phagocytic pertaining to an eating cell
Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP) opportunistic infection common in immunodeficient persons; caused by fungus
Scratch Test type of allergy testing in which body is exposed to allergens through a light scratch in skin
Splenectomy surgical removal of the spleen
Splenic pertaining to the spleen
Splenitis inflammation of the spleen
Splenoma spleen tumor
Splenomegaly enlarged spleen
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) autoimmune disease in which immune system attacks connective tissue throughout body such as in joints and skin
Thymic pertaining to the thymus gland
Thymectomy surgical removal of the thymus gland
Thymoma thymus gland tumor
Tonsillar pertaining to the tonsils
Tonsillectomy surgical removal of the tonsils
Tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
Urticaria severe itching associated with hives, usually seen in allergic reactions to food, stress, or medications
Vaccination (immunization) exposure to weakened pathogen to stimulate immune response and antibody production to give future protection against full-blown disease
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ANA antinuclear antibody
ARC AIDS-related complex
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
Ig immunoglobulins (IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM)
Mono monoculeosis
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
T & A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
Created by: droesener
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