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CNS Review

QuestionAnswer
Hypothalamus Part of the diencephalon that helps regulate autonomic nervous system
Ventricle Structure filled with circulating cerebrospinal fluid
How many coccygeal spinal nerves are there? 1
How many cervical spinal nerves are there? 8
Dura mater First meninge under the skull
Functions of temporal lobe Speech comprehension, memory, hearing
Functions of frontal lobe Vision
Functions of parietal lobe Taste, temperature, touch
Layers of the brain (superficial to deep) Scalp, dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater, cerebrum
Pathway of reflex arc Receptor, sensory neuron, spinal cord, motor neuron, effector
Frontal lobe Controls planning, personality, and problem solving
Hippocampus Stores memories
Where is the hippocampus located? In the temporal lobe
Amygdala Assigns value to memories or emotion
What sensory impulses does the thalamus receive? Hearing, touch, temperature
What structure makes up the brainstem? Medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain
The cerebral cortex contains about what percent of all neuron cell bodies? 75%
Functions of medulla oblongata Heart rate and breathing
What is the first location of a reflex? Receptor of a sensory neuron
Pia mater directly connects blood vessels and nerves to brain
A stroke would likely impair an individual's ability to do what? Speak
What two organs make up the CNS? Brain and spinal cord
Three things that are associated with short term memory Ability to add numbers in head, also called working memory, remembering where objects are located
What are the major parts of the brain? Cerebellum, diencephalon, brainstem
Cauda equine Branches of nerves extending from bottom of spinal cord
Pons Depth of breathing
Medulla oblongata Rhythm of breathing
Parts of diencephalon Thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland
Gray mater Consists of neurons
White mater Mainly composed of myelin fat
Sulci Shallow grooves
Fissures Deep grooves
Cervical enlargement controls what? Upper body
How many segments make up the spinal column? 31
Arachnoid mater Lacks blood vessels but makes up middle boundary
Created by: erynfabro
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