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Ch 4 Science

QuestionAnswer
producers organisms who make their own source of energy
consumers Organisms who cannot make their own source of energy
examples of producers plants and algae
examples of consumers humans, animals, fungi and bacteria
cellular respiration. the breakdown of an energy source to obtain usable energy for a cell
ATP usable form of energy for a cell
Photosynthesis the process by which most producer organisms make food
Pigments colored substances that absorb light energy
Chlorophyll a green pigment used in photosynthesis
Chloroplasts the structure in a cell where photosynthesis occurs
Aerobic cellular respiration Requires oxygen and occurs in the mitochondria
Anerobic cellular respiration Does not require oxygen and occurs in the cytoplasm
Aerobic cellular respiration Sugar and oxygen are used to produce carbon dioxide, water and energy
Anerobic cellular respiration Sugar is convered into either alcohol fementation or lactic acid fermentatio
colonial living thing that is composed of a group of similar cells living together, each cell being capable of living individually.
tissue A group of similar cells that work together to perform a specific function.
organ A group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function.
organ system A group of organs that work together to perform a life function.
equation for aerobic cellular respiration Sugar + Oxygen --> Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy
alcoholic fermentation type of anaerobic cellular respiration produces alcohol, carbon dioxide, and energy (ex. yeast bread)
Equation for photosynthesis carbon dioxide + water + light energy -> sugar + oxygen
lactic acid fermentation type of anaerobic cellular respiration produces lactic acid, carbon dioxide, and energy (ex. yogurt, muscle cells, sauerkraut )
Created by: techiesue
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