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Science vocabulary

Science vocabulary for Topic 2 Vocabulary Quiz

Meteorologist A scientist who studies and predicts weather
Storm A violent disturbance in the atmosphere
Thunderstorm A localized storm often accompanied by heavy precipitation, frequent thunder, and dangerous lightning
Hurricane When a cyclone's winds exceed 119km/h
Tornado An extremely fast spinning column of air extending from the base of a thunderstorm to Earth's surface
Storm surge A "dome" of water that sweeps across the coast where a hurricane is traveling
Flood An overflowing of water in a normally dry area
Drought A long period with little or no rainfall
Synthesize To combine something or put something together to make one thing
Approximate About; close to; estimate
Air mass A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and air pressure at any given height
Jet stream A band of high-speed winds about 6 to 15 kilometres above Earth's surface
Front The boundary where air masses meet become a front
Cyclone A swirling center of low air pressure can form a cyclone
Anticyclone The opposite of a cyclone. It has a high-pressure center of dry air
Prevailing Air masses moved by strong winds
Stationary A non-moving front
Atmosphere The relatively thin layer of gasses that form Earth's outermost layer
Thermosphere The uppermost layer of the atmosphere with the lowest density of air
Mesosphere The layer of the atmosphere that is directly above the stratosphere
Stratosphere The layer of the Earth's atmosphere that contains the most ozone
Troposphere The layer where Earth's weather occurs
Air pressure The air that experts a force on you
Altitude The distance above sea level
Wind The movement of air parallel to the Earth's surface
Water cycle The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation
Evaporation The state of which a liquid changes to a gas
Condensation The state of which a gas changes to a liquid
Dew point The temperature at which condensation begins
Humidity A measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
Relative humidity The percent of water vapor in the air
Precipitation Water that forms in clouds and falls to Earth as rain, snow, hail, or sleet
Cycle Any series of events that repeat int eh same order over and over again
Created by: 28lins
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