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Rest and Sleep Ch.34

Terminology From chapter 34 Nursing Fundamentals

TermDefinition
Circadian Rhythm Rhythm that completes a full cycle every 24 hours; synonym for diurnal rhythm
Delta sleep The deepest form of sleep which is greatest in children and declines with age. It is thought that tissue repair and regeneration occurs most efficiently during delta sleep
Dyssomnias broad range of sleep disorders involving difficulty falling or remaining asleep, which can lead to excessive sleepiness during the day due to reduced quality or timing of sleep
Enuresis involuntary urination; most often used to refer to a child who involuntarily urinates during the night
Hypersomnia condition characterized by w=excessive sleeping, especially day time sleeping
Insomnia difficulty in falling asleep, intermittent sleep, or early awakening from sleep
Melatonin a natural chemical produced at night that decreases wakefulness and promotes sleep
Narcolepsy condition characterized by an uncontrolled desire to sleep
Nocturnal myoclonus repetitive limb movements that occur during sleep and cause sleep disruption
Non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) non - rapid eye movement that characterizes four stages of sleep
Parasomnias patterns of waking behavior that appear during sleep (sleep walking, sleep talking, nocturnal erections)
Rapid eye movement sleep (REM) stage that constitutes 20% to 25% of a person's nightly sleep; person is difficult to arouse during this stage
Rest condition in which body is in a decreased state of activity, with the consequent feeling or being refreshed
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) condition in which patients are unable to lie still and report experiencing unpleasant creeping, crawling, or tingling sensations in legs
Sleep state of altered consciousness throughout which varying degrees of stimuli preclude wakefulness
Sleep apnea a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts
Sleep cycle passage through the four stages of NREM sleep (I, II, III, IV) then reversal (IV, III, II) and finally instead of reentering stage I and awakening, entering REM sleep and returning to stage II
Sleep deprivation a decrease in the amount, consistency, and quality of sleep; results from decreased REM or NREM sleep
Sleep hygiene nonpharmacologic recommendations like reviewing and changing lifestyles and environment that help an individual get better night's sleep
Somnambulism sleepwalking
Created by: Nursesparkle
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