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Temperature, Thermal Energy, and Heat Notes
|kinetic theory of matter
|states that all of the particles that make up matter are constantly in motion.
|a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in an object.
|equally spaced units between two points.
|an instrument used to measure temperature.
|uses units called Degrees Celsius.
|uses units called Degrees Fahrenheit.
|uses units called Kelvins.
|the total kinetic energy of all particles in a substance.
|the energy transferred from an object at a higher temperature to an object at a lower temperature.
|the transfer of energy as heat from one substance to another through direct contact. (HINT: Warming a pot on the stove.)
|the transfer of energy as heat by the movement of a liquid or gas. (HINT: Hot water cooking macaroni noodles.)
|the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. (HINT: Sitting in the hot sun getting a tan.)