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Mr V U4

Energy in the Atmosphere and Ocean

TermDefinition
ENERGY THE ABILITY TO DO WORK OR CAUSE CHANGE.
KINETIC ENERGY ENERGY THAT AN OBJECT HAS DUE TO ITS MOTION.
POTENTIAL ENERGY THE ENERGY AN OBJECT HAS BECAUSE OF ITS POSITION; ALSO THE INTERNAL STORED ENERGY OF AN OBJECT, SUCH AS ENERGY STORED IN CHEMICAL BONDS.
MECHANICAL ENERGY KINETIC OR POTENTIAL ENERGY ASSOCIATED WITH THE MOTION OR POSITION OF AN OBJECT.
ELECTRICAL ENERGY THE ENERGY OF ELECTRIC CHARGES.
ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY THE ENERGY OF LIGHT AND OTHER FORMS OF RADIATION, WHICH TRAVELS THROUGH SPACE AS WAVES.
NUCLEAR ENERGY THE POTENTIAL ENERGY STORED IN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM.
CHEMICAL ENERGY A FORM OF POTENTIAL ENERGY THAT IS STORED IN CHEMICAL BONDS BETWEEN ATOMS.
THERMAL ENERGY THE TOTAL KINETIC AND POTENTIAL ENERGY OF ALL THE PARTICLES OF AN OBJECT.
ENERGY TRANSFORMATION A CHANGE FROM ONE FORM OF ENERGY TO ANOTHER; ALSO CALLED AN ENERGY CONVERSION.
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF ENERGY THE RULE THAT ENERGY CANNOT BE CREATED OR DESTROYED.
FRICTION THE FORCE THAT TWO SURFACES EXERT ON EACH OTHER WHEN THEY RUB AGAINST EACH OTHER.
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE A WAVE THAT CAN TRANSFER ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC ENERGY THROUGH THE VACUUM OF SPACE.
GREENHOUSE EFFECT THE TRAPPING OF HEAT NEAR A PLANET'S SURFACE BY CERTAIN GASES IN THE PLANET'S ATMOSPHERE.
CONVECTION THE TRANSFER OF THERMAL ENERGY BY THE MOVEMENT OF A FLUID.
CONDUCTION THE TRANSFER OF THERMAL ENERGY FROM ONE PARTICLE OF MATTER TO ANOTHER.
RADIATION THE TRANSFER OF ENERGY BY ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES.
WIND THE HORIZONTAL MOVEMENT OF AIR FROM AN AREA OF HIGH PRESSURE TO AN AREA OF LOWER PRESSURE.
SEA BREEZE THE FLOW OF COOLER AIR FROM OVER AN OCEAN OR LAKE TOWARD LAND.
LAND BREEZE THE FLOW OF AIR FROM LAND TO A BODY OF WATER.
CORIOLIS EFFECT THE EFFECT OF EARTH'S ROTATION ON THE DIRECTION OF WINDS AN CURRENTS.
JET STREAM BAND OF HIGH-SPEED WINDS ABOUT 10 KILOMETERS ABOVE EARTH'S SURFACE.
CURRENT A LARGE STREAM OF MOVING WATER THAT FLOWS THROUGH THE OCEANS.
EL NIÑO AN ABNORMAL CLIMATE EVENT THAT OCCURS EVERY TWO TO SEVEN YEARS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN, CAUSING CHANGES IN WINDS, CURRENTS, AND WEATHER PATTERNS FOR ONE TO TWO YEARS.
LA NIÑA A CLIMATE EVENT IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN IN WHICH SURFACE WATERS ARE COLDER THAN NORMAL.
Created by: dougteach65
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