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Unit 1

Scientific Method

Scientific Method A process scientists use to solve a problem / answer a question
Observation Information gathered using your five senses
Inference Guess based on your observations
Experimental Question S.T.I.C.K. (Specific, Testable, Interesting, Comparison, Keep it Fun!)
Hypothesis Educated guess about the outcome of an experiment
Independent Variable The thing the scientist changes on purpose; the input or cause
Dependent Variable The thing that changes in response to the independent variable; the output or effect
Control Group Group or set-up that is used for comparison; sometimes represents the "normal" or does not get the independent variable
Constants Things the scientist keeps the same throughout the experiment to make sure it is fair
Bar Graph Type of graph you make if your IV is categories
Line Graph Type of graph you make if your IV is numbers
T.A.S.K. Title, Axis Labels, Scale that is appropriate, Key (if needed)
Mean (Average) Add together the numbers and divide by the number of numbers
Range Subtract the smallest value from the highest value
Outlier A value that lies outside most of the other values in your data
Qualitative Observation An observation that includes a description (words)
Quantitative Observation An observation that includes a measurement (number)
Created by: cesjds
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