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Topic 1 test Science

System A group of parts that work together as a whole
Atmosphere (AIR) The outermost layer of the Earth, made up of air and gasses. Contains Earth's weather
Geosphere (ROCK & METAL) The solid metal inner core, liquid metal outer core, and rocky mantle and crust of Earth
Hydrosphere (WATER) All of Earth's water (including the rain/snow/hail/sleet that comes through the atmosphere
Cryosphere (FROZEN) The frozen part of the hydrosphere. It is the portion of the Earth's surface where water is in solid form (ice & snow)
Biosphere (LIVING THINGS) Any part of Earth that contains living organisms
Energy The ability to do work. Earth has 2 main sources of energy: heat from the sun and heat from Earth's inside
Topography The shape of the land, and includes elevation, relief, and landforms
Landform The natural features of the Earth's surface; Some examples are mountains, coastlines, and dunes
Mountain A landform with high elevation and high relief
Coastline A line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake
Dune A hill of sand piled up by the wind
River A natural stream of water that flows into another body of water, such as an ocean, lake, or another river
Delta A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
Model Helps you understand how things work
Constructive Forces They build up the land
Destructive Forces They wear away or destroy the land
Water Cycle The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation
Evaporation The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid absorb enough energy to change to a gas
Transpiration The process of which by water is lost in a plant's leaves
Condensation The stage in state from a gas to liquid
Precipitation Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface as rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Watershed The land area that supplies water to a river system
Aquifer An underground layer of rock or sediment that holds water
Well A hole sunk into the ground to reach a supply of water
Process A series of actions or operations leading toward a particular result
Created by: 28lins
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