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PHS Ch 5

Medical Terminology and Body Organization

TermDefinition
abdominal region one of nine equal areas of the abdomen that are named and used as reference points when discussing the body.
anatomy the physical structures or parts of the body.
body plane a flat or level surface seen by cutting away part of the body through surgery or medical imaging to serve as a point of reference when discussing anatomy.
body region an area of the body with a specific name, which is used as a reference point when discussing anatomy.
body system a group of organs working together to perform a vital function in the body.
cell a small group of organelles that fulfill a specific purpose and are held together by a membrane
medical terminology special vocabulary that is used in healthcare and is often formed from Latin and Greek word parts
mnemonic device a learning tool that helps students memorize information.
organ a distinct body structure made of different tissues working together for the same purpose.
organelle a part of a cell that has a specific task.
physiology the functions or inner workings of the body.
standard anatomical position (SAP) the agreed-upon reference for body position when studying anatomy; standing erect on two legs, facing frontward, with the arms at the sides and palms facing forward.
tissue a group of cells of the same type working together for the same purpose.
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