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week 5

skeletal tissues and skeletons

QuestionAnswer
5 functions of the skeleton Support, Protection, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis
What are the 5 types of bones Flat, Short, Long, Irregular, Sesamoid
What are the 6 main structures of the long bone Diaphysis, epiphyses, articular cartilage, periosteum, medullary cavity, Endosteum
What are the structures of the flat bones Internal and external table and the diploe
What makes up the osteon Lamellae, lacunae, canaliculi and central canal
How is the bone marrow supplied with nutrients Within the cancellous bone, one or more arteries within the internal medullary cavity provide nutrients.
What are the two kinds of bone marrow Red marrow, produces red blood cells. Yellow marrow gradually replaces the red marrow as we age and increases the adipocytes (fat cells) and those replace the hematopoietic stem cells
What are the different kids of cartilage and where are they found Hyalin- covers articular surfaces of bones, forms costal cartilage that connect ribs to sternum and breastbone. found in trachea, bronchi,tip of nose. Elastic- external ear, epiglottis, eustachian tubes Fibro-pubic symphysis, intervertibral disks
Growth of cartilage occurs in what ways Interstitial - Mass divide and secrete additional matrix. Appositioinal growth - Chondrocytes in the deep ayer of perichondrium divide and screte additional matrix and its depositied on surface of cartilage thus increasing its size
What is the plate associated with growth Epiphyseal plate between the epiphysis and diaphysis.
Created by: arovito
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