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6th Grade Topic 1 Geography Terms

globe a spherical model of the Earth
map a representation usually on a flat surface of a whole part
latitude the lines that run east to west on the globe, but actually measure how far north or south you go from the equator
equator the main line of latitude, and it divides the Earth into the northern and southern hemispheres
longitude the lines that run north to south on the globe, but actually measure how far east or west you go form the Prime Meridan
Prime Meridian the main line of longitude that divide the Earth into western and eastern hemispheres
hemispheres the Earth is divided into four parts: the Northern, southern, Eastern, and Western ______________
aerial photo a photo taken from above, either by airplane or satellite
title tells you what the map is about and helps you figure out what type of map it is
key sometimes call a legend - it shows the symbols and what they represent on the map
scale the relationship between the distance on the map and the corresponding distance on earth
compass rose tells you the directions on a map
cardinal directions North, South, East, and West
intermediate directions Northwest, Northeast, Southwest, Southeast
map symbols a picture that represents something on a map
boundary lines mark off where one territory begins and another ends.
locators frames the area on a map to draw your attention to it so you can see when it is in relation the the rest of the map
absolute location the latitude and longitude of a place
relative location where one place is in relation to another -you look at one location and you determine where the second location is compared to the first
political map a map that shows the borders of countries, and includes states and cities
elevation map a map that shows how high land is above sea level (using colors
relief map a map that shows how high land is above other land using shading
historical map a map that shows information about the past (look for dates)
distribution map a map that shows how something is spread through an area (can use colors or symbols)
Created by: rgesmondi
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