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2.Living things&cell

Living things and the cell

Living things Organisms
Characteristics of living things Respiration, Movement, Growth, Nutrition, Reproduction, Excretion, Response
Cell Basic unit of living things
Cells Animal and Plant
Cell organelles All parts of the cells
Animal Cell Nucleus, Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Ribosome, Mitochondrion
Plant cell Nucleus, Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Ribosome, Mitochondrion, Cell Wall, Vacuole and Chloroplast
Nucleus Brain of the cell, controls activities (chromosomes containing DNA)
Cell membrane Controls substances in and out of the cell
Cytoplasm Watery fluid the cell organelles are in
Ribosomes Proteins are made here
Mitochondrion Powerhouse of the cell. Supplies energy to the cell, involved in respiration
Cell wall Gives structure and support to the plant cell. Protects cell
Vacuole Stores substances such as water and food
Chloroplasts Contain a green pigment called chlorophyll that is used to make food for the plant through photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Using sunlight to make food for plant
Groups of living things Bacteria, Fungi, Plants, Animals and Others (Protists)
Microscope Viewing microscopic organisms
Types of microscopes Light and electron
Eyepiece For viewing the slide, makes the object x10 times bigger
Focus knobs To see object more clearly
Objective lens Different magnifications
Nosepiece Can rotate to select different objective lens
Stage Used to support microscope slide
Clips Holds slide in place
Mirror/light Reflect light from lamp to object
Used to stain cells Iodine
Created by: ac1410
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