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Unit 4 Vocab

Unit 4 vocab strategy

TermDefinition
Heat budget The balance between energy input and energy output from the sun.
Upwelling Warm, less-dense surface water is drawn away from along a shore by offshore currents and replaced by cold, denser water brought up from below.
Coriolis Effect A deflection or apparent veering motion of air masses as they move or deflect from one latitude to the next.
El NiƱo Climatic phenomenon known for low fish populations, more severe hurricanes and droughts in agricultural areas.
Prevailing Westerlies Wind patterns found between 30 and 60 degrees latitude.
OTEC Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion is a process or technology for producing energy by harnessing the temperature differences (thermal gradients) between ocean surface waters and deep ocean waters.
Hurricane Cyclones that form at low pressure cells have winds up to 200 m/h.
Trade Winds Strongest wind belts found between the equator and 30 degrees latitude.
Pack Ice Sea surface ice that does not form over land.
Thermohaline circulation Part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by global density gradients created by surface heat and salinity.
Kyoto Protocol An agreement among 60 nations to voluntarily limit greenhouse gas emissions.
Cold Front A cold air mass moving into an area occupied by relatively warm air.
Horse Latitudes Weak surface wind at 30 degrees latitude.
Occluded Front Very swift cold front takes over slower warm front causing conditions favorable for thunder storms, tornadoes, etc.
Monsoon Wind circulation that changes with the seasons.
Gyre Water current pattern formed by surface winds, sun's heat energy, gravity, and Coriolis effect.
Doldrum Weak winds at 0 degrees (equator).
ENSO El Nino and Southern Oscillation combined whose effects can last more than 3 years.
Polar Easterlies Wind pattern found at poles above 60 degrees latitude.
Maritime Pertaining to the ocean.
Created by: chriswarren
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