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Vocabulary - English

Attraction The electric force exerted by oppositely charged particles, tending to draw or hold the particles together.
Chemical energy Energy that is stored in matter and can be released by a chemical reaction.
Circuit An looped path of conductors in which electrical energy can flow freely.
Conduct To transmit heat, sound, or electricity through a medium.
Conductor (electrical) A material that readily allows electric charges to pass through it and therefore carries electricity well.
Insulator A material used to reduce or prevent the transfer of electricity, heat, or sound.
Electrical energy Energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor.
Electricity The flow of electrons.
Energy The capacity to do work
Heat energy Energy that transfers between substances because of a temperature difference between the substances.
Light energy The only visible form of energy; produced or given off directly from the Sun, bulbs, and lasers.
Mechanical energy The energy that is possessed by an object due to its motion or position.
Repel To force away or apart. The opposite of attract.
Sound energy Energy produced by sound vibrations.
Conductor (heat) Substance that allows heat to pass through it easily.
Closed circuit A complete loop where the switch is closed and electrons/electricity can flow easily
Open circuit An incomplete loop where the switch is open or wires are not connected correctly and electrons cannot flow
Potential energy energy that is stored to be used later
Kinetic energy energy of motion
Refract light is bent such as through a different medium (pencil through air then water)
Reflect light is bounced off an object like on a mirror
Created by: BrittanySJ
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