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Classification Vocab

Classification Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Organism an individual, animal, plant, or single celled life form.
Cell the smallest, basic unit of life that is responsible for all of life's processes.
Unicellular (of protozoans, certain algae, spores, etc.) consisting of a single cell.
Multicellular (of an organism or part) having or consisting of many cells.
Metabolism the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life.
Stimulus a thing or event that evokes a specific functional reaction in an organ or tissue.
Response a verbal or written answer.
Development the process of developing or being developed.
Asexual reproduction : reproduction (as cell division, spore formation, fission, or budding) without union of individuals or gametes.
Sexual Reproduction the production of new living organisms by combining genetic information from two individuals of different types (sexes).
Spontaneous generation the supposed production of living organisms from nonliving matter, as inferred from the apparent appearance of life in some supposedly sterile environments.
Autotroph an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substances from simple inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide.
Heterotroph an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances.
Classification the action or process of classifying something according to shared qualities or characteristics.
Taxonomy the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics.
Binomial nomenclature the system of nomenclature in which two terms are used to denote a species of living organism, the first one indicating the genus and the second the specific epithet.
Genus a principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below family, and is denoted by a capitalized Latin name, e.g. Leo.
Species A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
Prokaryote a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles. Prokaryotes include the bacteria and cyanobacteria.
Eukaryote an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus. Eukaryotes include all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria.
Nucleus the central and most important part of an object, movement, or group, forming the basis for its activity and growth.
Evolution the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth.
Branching tree diagram a branching tree diagram is a set of groups within groups, with the organisms at the bottom having the fewest shared characteristics and the ones at the top having the most.
Shared derived characteristics a shared character is one that two lineages have in common, and a derived character is one that evolved in the lineage leading up to a clade and that sets members of that clade apart from other individuals.
Convergent evolution convergent evolution is the independent evolution of similar features in species of different periods or epochs in time
Created by: ayvelazquez
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