Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

HEALTH ASSESSMENT

CHAPTER 13

QuestionAnswer
SKIN STRUCTURE EPIDERMIS-OUTER LAYER-REPLACE Q4W DERMIS-INNER LAYER-COLLAGEN-BLOOD VESSEL-NERVES-KEY PART OF LYMPHATIC SYSTEM SUBCUANEOUS LYER-ADIPOE TISSUE-INSULATION-ENERGY-PREVENT AGAINT TRAUMA-INJURIES
HAIR HORMONES AFFECT HAIR I.E TESTOSTERONE SEBACEOUS GLAND-PRODUCE SEBUM EVERYWHERE-EXCEPT PALMS AND SOLES SWEAT GLAND ECCRINE-THIN SALINE BASED APPOCRINE-THICKER-STICKER-NIPPLE, GENITALIA
NAIL TELL PATIENT IS HAVING HYPOXIA
FUNCTION PROTECTION- BARRIER COMMUNICATION-BLUSHING WOUND REPAIR PRODUCE VITAMIN D
DEVELOPMENT-INFANT INFANT LANUGO(HAIR)-BACK AND SOULDER VERNIX CASEOSA-MADE OF EPITHELIAL CELL TO PROTECT FROM ANMIONIC FLUID-BASED O RACE-PIGMENT HASN'T STARTED DEVELOP
CHILD THICKENING OF EPIDERMIS-THOUGHER HAIR GROWTH, SWEAT AND SEBACEOUS GLAND PRODUCTON-ADIPOSE TISSUE
ADOLESCENTS APPEARANCE OF SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS COURSE HAIR
PREGNANCY CELL REPRODUCING IN QUICKER RATE{PRENATAL VITAMINS) HAIR, NAIL, SKIN GROWTH PERIPHERAL VASODILATION-RASH, SWELLING INCREASE SWEAT ND SEBUM SECRETION FAT DEPOSIT(HIP) SKIN CHANGE(HORMONAL) LINEANIGA
AGING ADULT THINNING HAIR, GRAY-WHITE HAIR(LESS MELANIN) SLOW-GROWING , RIDGED NAILS-DECREASE CELLULAR REPRODUCTION-VIT-NUTRIENTS DEFICIENCY EPIDERMIS FLATTEN-REDUCE COLLAGEN-SUNQ FAT=WRINKLES INSCREASE RISK TO SKIN TEAR DECREASE IN SWEAT AND SEBACEOUS FUNCTION-HEAT STROKE DECREASED VASCULARITY(SENILE PURPURA)-DAMAGE TO CONNECTIVE TISSUE=BRUISING-DECREASED ABILITY TO HEAL
CULTURAL AND GENETICS MELONOMA-HIGHEST IN WHITE POPULATION INCREASED SUN EXPOSURE- TANNING BEDS ATYPICAL MOLES-DIAMETER GREATER THAN 4/1INCH-ASYMMETRY.BORDER.COLOR.DIAMETER.EVOLUTION NATURAL BLONDES/READ HEADS INCREASED AGE
OTHER SKIN TYPES KELOIDS-HUGE SCAR- PSEUDOFOLLICULITIS-COMMON IN DARK-RAZOR BURN-UNGROWN HAIR-INFLAMED-FILLED W/ PUS-ITCHY MELASMA-FLUCTUATION OF HORMONE
subjective data hirsutism-imbalance hormal nail? perform own self exam? cdertain soap any tatoos and piercing hx of skin/abnormalities-how long /? tell me more about it change in moles(abcde) pigmentation? rash, lesions? location, onset, systemic? prutitis (itching)-what makes it better? different stage of bruising? bleeding
infants and children birthmarks-Changes in skin color3.Rashes or sores 4.Burns or bruises? 5.Contagious conditions? Habits-pull hair-bite nails sunburns-
ADOLESCENTS Acne?2.Pimples?3.Blackheads? pattern, skin care routine
AGING ADULTS Changes to skin 2.Delays in healing 3.Pain?4 RASH-SHINGLES .Falls Self-care-ARE YOU ABLE TO WASH YOUR OWN, HAVE SOAP
OBJECTIVE DATA Equipment:•Good light! •Centimeter ruler•Penlight•Gloves MAGNIFY CLASS PG 204
NORMAL-SKIN Freckles (ephelides)•Moles (nevus) – Junctional → Compound•Birthmarks
ABNORMLITIES PALLOR-PERFUSION ISSUE-WHITE MUCOUSCMOUTH-HYPOVOLEMIA -HEMOGLOBIN ERYTHEMA-REDNESS-INCREASED BLOOD FLOW TO DILATE CAPILLARIES CYANOSIS-O2 JAUNDICE-BABY W/ BILIRUBIN, OR LIVER FAILURE COPD-HARSHON(PROLONGED DECREASED OXYGENATION) DECREASE PERFUSION
Skin Inspection & Palpation NO TENTING ELASTIC SKIN TURGOR Temperature: •Hypothermia-COLD TO TOUCH •Hyperthermia •MOISTURE:•Diaphoresis(SWEATING HYPOGLYCEMIA) •Dehydration •Texture-CALLUS, •Thickness•Scleroderma-CON.TISSUE HARDEN •Edema:•Pitting/non-pitting (CARDIO, RENAL)•Anasarca(WHOLE BODY) •Turgor
Skin Inspection & Palpation Vascularities: •Ecchymosis - bruising•Cherry angioma •Lesions: •Color•Elevation•Pattern/shape•Size•Location/distribution•Exudate(BODY NATURAL RESPONSE TO HEAL A WOUND-FLUID CLAMPING TOGETHER TO FORM SCABS-NCROSIS RED-INFLAMMATORY •TATOOS, NEEDLEMARK
Hair Inspection & Palpation •Color•Texture •Distribution• Hirsutism •Alopecia•Lesions •Seborrhea-DANDRUFF Infestations -ITCHING PEDICULE
Nail Inspection & Palpation Shape and contour •Clubbing-SECONDARY TO PROLONGED OXYGENATION ISSUES •Consistency-SMOOTH, RIGID-FUNGUS- •Color-BLUE-O2-COLD- •Capillary Refill-GOES BACK TO NORMAL COLOR IN 3 SECS, MORE THAN 4 SECS, PERFUSION ISSUES
AGE SPECIFIC-INFANTS Skin:•Skin color:•Mongolian spot•Café au lait spot •Skin color change:•Harlequin color change•Erythema toxicum•Cyanotic CONDITIONS-BLUE EXTREMETIES:•Acrocyanosis•Cutis marmorata-LOW HR-BLUE•Jaundice•Carotenemia(TOO MUCH CARROT)
AGE SPECIFIC-INFANTS Skin moisture:•Vernix caseosa •Skin texture:•Milia •Skin thickness:•Thin in newborns•Extremely thin in premies •Vascularity:•Nevus simplex •Hair:•Lanugo• Nails:•Bluish immediately after birth then pink
Developmental – Age Specific •Adolescents:•acne•Pregnant Women:•Striae•Linea nigra•Cholasma•Vascular spiders
•Aging Adults: •Skin color:•Senile lentigines•Keratoses •Moisture:•Dryness, flaky•Texture:•Acrochordons (skin tags)•Sebaceous hyperplasia •Thickness: thin•Hair: thinning, gray or white •Nails: brittle•Mobility and Turgor: decreased, tenting
PRESSURE ULCER- ADDRESS-TURN THEM EVERY 1-2 HOURS DOCUMENT HIGH RISK-MOBILITY-AGE-MALNOURISHMENT
STAGES UNSTAGEABLE-WOUND BED IS COVERED WITH NECROSIS(SURGICALLY DEBRITATED STAGE 1-BLANCHABLE-PRESS SKIN, BLOOD REFILL NON-BLANCHABLE-SKIN INTACK-REDNESS STAGE 2-OPEN OF EPIDERMIS-BLISTER-FLUID FILLED 3-LOSS OF DERMIS-MAY SEE SUBQ STAGE 4-LOST OF ALL LAYER EXPOSED BOONE -MUSCLE, TENDON STAGE 5- SIN MAYBE INTACK,PURPLE MA
Created by: Seka_nurse
Popular Science sets

 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards