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Unit 1

Nature of Science

a process where the scientists performing the research influence the results Bias
examine methodically and in de Analyze
a final decision or judgment based on evidence and inference Conclusion
used as a constant and unchanging standard of comparison in scientific experimentation Control
a group separated from the rest of the experiment where the independent variable being tested cannot influence the results. Control group
the experimental element which is constant and unchanged throughout the course of the investigation Constants
the quality of being trusted and believed in Credibility
information collected using specific methods for a specific purpose of studying or analyzing Data
information acquired by observation or experimentation. Empirical evidence
a procedure carried out and repeated under controlled conditions to discover, demonstrate or test a hypothesis Experiment
an idea or explanation tested through study and experimentation Hypothesis
an idea or conclusion that's drawn from evidence and reasoning; an educated guess Inference
the process followed to find the answer to a question or solve a problem Investigation
tells you what happens in nature, but it will not explain why it happens Law
an act or instance of viewing or noting a fact or occurrence for some scientific or other special purpose Observation
a view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge Opinion
the variable that is affected and measured in the experiment; also called the dependent variable Dependent (outcome) Variable
to tell what will happen Predict
the repeating of the procedure in an experiment Repetition
the process of duplicating, as a procedure in experiments Replication
setting up an investigation to reduce or eliminate bias, and reduce inferences. Systematic Observation
the variable that is changed or controlled in a scientific experiment; also called the independent variable Independent (test) variable
an explanation of events that happen in the natural world and are testable Theory
a pattern of gradual change in a condition, output, or process Trend
one of a number of repetitions of an experiment Trials
refers to how well a scientific test or piece of research actually measures what it sets out to refers to how well a scientific test or piece of research actually measures what it sets out to
Created by: MrsMascal
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