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7Sci Chapter 6

Circulation & Respiration

What is a vein? a vessel that carries blood to the heart
What is the cardiovascular system? a collection of organs that transport blood throughout the body
What is a capillary? a tiny blood vessel that allows an exchange between blood and cells in other tissue
What is systematic circulation? the flow of blood from the heart to all parts of the body and back to the heart
What is an artery? a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body's organs
What is pulmonary circulation? the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart
What are four parts of the cardiovascular system? heart, arteries, capillaries and veins
What are two types of circulation of blood in the body? pulmonary and systematic
Stroke, Heart Attack, Hyperactivity, and atherosclerosis - which is NOT considered a cardiovascular problem? Hyperactivity
What is blood pressure? the force that the blood exerts on the walls of the arteries
What is blood? the fluid that carries gases, nutrients and wastes through the body
What are the main components of blood? plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets
What are the main functions of blood? carry oxygen, nutrients, and wastes; fight disease; and regulate temperature
What are the blood pressures called inside large artery walls when heart ventricles contract and relax? systolic and diastolic
What are the four blood types? A(+/-), B(+/-), AB(+/-) and O(+/-)
What systems are working together during the process of respiration? respiratory and cardiovascular systems
What are you doing when your diaphragm and rib muscles contract, and air enters the space created inside your chest cavity? inhaling
What is respiration? the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between living cells and their environment
What is the respiratory system? a collection of organs whose primary function is to take in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide
What is the pharynx? the passage from the mouth to the larynx and esophagus
What is the larynx? the area of the throat that contains the vocal cords and produces vocal sounds
What is the trachea? the tube connecting larynx and lungs
What are the bronchi? two tubes connecting lungs and trachea
What are alveoli? tiny air sacs of the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged
What are the four chambers of the heart? right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium and the left ventricle
What type of blood does the right side of the heart have? oxygen poor blood or "blue" blood
What type of blood does the left side of the heart have? oxygen rich blood or "red" blood
What chamber does blood enter the heart through? atrium or "upstairs"
What chamber does blood leave the heart through? ventricle or "downstairs"
What are the chambers of he heart connected by? valves or "doors"
What separates the right atrium and ventricle from the left atrium and ventricle? a wall
Created by: ndmsteach