Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

FONDATION OF NURSING

EXAM 2chapter 27

TermDefinition
Safety The nurse s responsoble for promoting safety and prevent injury.
Developmental considerations: Healthcare needs and safety change from infancy to older adlt stage. Consumption of certain substances can affect normal growth development, ensure safe environment, safe sleeping. reduce high-risk behavior. designing age-appropriate playground equipment, and creating an environment that is well-designed and maintained Education to promote awareness of potentially dangerous situations
Lifestyle: occupations and recreational activities place ppl in more hazardous situations i.e sleep deprivation of nurses due to long hours leasd to errors certain drugs pose health problems to women, to workers . Nurses at serious risk for musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick and sharp injuries, exposure to hazardous chemicals, radiation exposure, exposure to infectious diseases, and workplace violence Social behavior: risk takers, not using appropriate equipment stress=drug abuse due to meeting standard vulnerable patients
Environment: exposure to unhealthy substance pose threat 2 physical security and emotional well-being i.e high-crime neighborhood are more hazardous Workplace Prevention Program information and training is provided to appropriate employees, and policies and procedures address program evaluation. i.e high-risk situations and behaviors include patient history of violent behavior, mental illness, or substance abuse; violence, substance abuse, guns, pets, or illegal activity in the household; and criminal activity in the neighborhood
Mobility any limitation to mobility is unsafe. i.e an unsatble patient with gait or unfamiliar w/ is prone to falling PT W/ paralysis or a spinal cord injury may require supportive devices such as : canes, walkers, crutches nd wheelchairs nurses must asssess PT risk of injury-maintain independence-fostering self-esteem-provide a safe and predictable environment
Sensory reception change in sensory perception can affect safety such in sight, hearing, smell, taste, or touch can reduce a person’s sensitivity to the environment. SMELL- rduced ability to distinguish odor= leaking gas and smoke TASTE LOST= unsafe eating habita-eat tainted food VISUAL can make PT lose balance, stumble,PREVELANCE fall >65 w/ severe vision imprmt =30.8-59.1% WITHOUT IMPRMT 20.4 -32.4% Earing deficit affect ability to her safety alarms, atomobile horns, or sirens or nurse care instruction TACTILE may not extreme temp. that arent safe for body
Knowledge be aware of safety and security precautions to promote and maintain wellness thru the lifespan i.e getting instruction to adherg to medical regimen/ follow safety
ability to communicate assess any factor that influences the patient’s ability to receive and send messages. Fatigue, stress, medication, aphasia, and language barriers examples of factors that can affect personal communication and prevent the patient from accurately perceiving event
physical and psychological Health '' maximize the patient’s potential by considering safety factors in all phases of the illness and recovery experience.''' Stressful situations tend to narrow a person’s attention span and make the person more prone to accidents chronically ill or in a weakened state, the focus of health care includes preventing accidents as well as promoting wellness and restoring the person to a healthy state. Depression may result in confusion and disorientation, accompanied by reduced awareness or concern about environmental hazards. Social isolation or lack of social contact may lead to a reduced level of concentration, errors in judgment, and a diminished awareness of external stimuli.
Determine risk with 2 compnent nursing history and physical assessment
focus on: environment, individual
Specific risk factor Falls-fires- do not smok arounf fire extinghuisher poisoning- keep med away from children suffocation and shocking-put child on the back Prevent fall, if happens, restore health
factors contributing to fall lower weakness-poor vision-gait/balance issue-problem w/ feet / shoes psychoactive medications-postural dizziness (position change hypotension and antihypertensives) hazard in home
developmental stages consideration: Fetus: nt exposed to anything harmuf-normal growth occurs w/o teratrogenic effects Neonate-maintain nutrition, open airways-prevent fall Infants-burn, suffocation toddler-supervise environment pre-schooler-play, safe environment school-age child-safety equipment-increase risk of injury Adolescent-hard to listen-teach them-peers are greater influence eucate them on risky behavior(sexual-recreational) Adults-preventative health practices- teach about stress management and being healthy Older-teach safety due to sensory perception decreasing
fall prevention-set alarm medication errors 5rights safe event report=protect next PT from falling
Hospital consideration physical device to restrain PT movement i.ewrist, ankle tie it to someting UNMOVABLE so that PT doesnt fall AVOID RISK OF INJURY-PUT PT IN ANATOMICAL POSITION-HOW WILL THEY MOVE THEIR BODY DONT TIE IT TO TIGHT
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT EMERGENCY-DISASTER-TABLE 27.3 RESCUE-ALARM-CALL 911-EXTINGUISH Biologic concern
SAFETY ASSESSMENT ARE: NURSING HISTORY: HX OF FALLING-NOTE ANY ASSSTING DEVICES I.E CANE HX OF ALCOHOL ABUSE WILL LIKELY HAVE ANOTHER ONE PHYS. ASSESSMENT: ASSESS PT MOTILITY STATUS, COMMUNICATION, LEVEL OF AWARENESS OR ORIENTATION, SENSORY PERCEPTION IN THE PE *ANY POTENTIAL SAFETY HAZARD, SIGNS OF VIOLENCE/NEGLECT ENVIRONMENT:DENTIFY RISK AND UNSAFE SITUATION AT HOME AND A HEALTH CARE FACILITY, FOCUSING ON HEALTH STATUS AND DEVELOPEMENTAL LEVEL.
RISK FALL ASSESMENT: 65> MODIFIABLE= POOR VISION, PRO/ W/ FEET OR SHOES ADV. AGE, FEAR OF FALLING EXTRINSIC[ENV. BASED] LACK OF STAIR HANDRAILS, SLIPPERY SURFACE. COMMON CAUSE OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY/HIP FRACTURE ASSES RISK JUSING NRUSING HX +PE ACCIDENTAL:SPILL CAUSE PT 2 TRIP ANTICIPATED PHYSIOLOGIC=DIRECT CONSEQX OF GAIT IMBALANCE, MED, DEMENTIA SUFFOCATION AND CHOKING LACK OF AIR IN LUNGS 85> 8X MORE TO DIE OF THIS THAN ADULTS 65-84 DROWNING FIREARMS IN CHILDREN LAY INFANTS ON BACK TO SLEEP FIRES=ARISE WHILE COOKING AT HOME GET HIGH-QUALITY SMOKE ALARM, TESTED REGULARLY ESCAPE ROUTES 80% FIRE DEATH CCURS AT HOME POISONING 84% UNINTENTIONAL, 10 SUICIDE, 6 UNDETERMINED POISON 1.8 HIGHER IN MEN THAN WOMEN EXTREMES IN AGE ARE APT TO POISONING CONTROL CENTER
FETUS-MOTHER NEEDS TO ABSTAIN FROM TERATROGENS (ABNOR GROWTH , DEVELPMT NEONATE-28DAYS OF LIFE INFECTN, FALLS ASSD =WAHS HAND, SUPERVISION AT ALL TIME INFANTS-FALLS, TOY INJURIES,BURNS =APPROPRIATE PLAYG EQUIPMENTS-CHILDPROOF ENTIRE HOUSE TODDLER , CUT FROM SHARP OBJECT=POISON CONTROL CENT, APPROPRIATE CAR SEAT PRESCHOOLER(LIKE THE OTHERS) INHALE, INGEST GUNS AND WEAPONS=TEACH FIRE SAFETY-SAFE PLAYING AREAS SCHOOL-AGED=BROKEN BONES, CONCUSSION, SUBSATNACES ABUSE=REINFORCE SAFETY-CONTINUE IMMUNIZATIONS ADOLESCENT-MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT-=ENROL TEEN IN SAFETY CLASS-REPORT ANY ABUSE-TEACH ABT STI, SEXUALITY-LISTEN AND TALK TO THEM ADULTS,(STRESS, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, MOTOR, INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS, DRUGS AND ALCOHOL ABUSE)LESS STRESS TECHNIQUE, AVOID ILLEGALS OLDER ADULTS(FALL, MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS, ELDER ABUSE, SENSORIMOTOR CHANGE, FIRES)=IDENTIDY HAZARDS, MODIFY ENVR.REGURLAR VISION AND HEARING TEST, DOCUMENT ABUSE, NEGLECT
CHILDREN ARE PRONE TO;PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, SEXUAL AND NEGLECT ABUSE RESTRAINTS: PYSICAL=WRIST, ANKLE WAIST CHEMICALS:DRUGS RAILS SIDE ARENT RESTRAINT DEVICES EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: NURSES RESPONSIBLE FOR TRIAGES, CARE, COUNSELING RESOURCES =CDC, FEMA, JOINT COMMISION,AMERICARED CROSS, NDMS EVALUATION, PROMOTE ENVIRONMENT SAFETY, PREVENT INJURY, AND EMERGENCY READINESS
Created by: Seka_nurse
Popular Science sets

 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards