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Mercy Pharm - Brady

Mercy pharm - Brady(6th ed.) ch 1

TermDefinition
Pharmacology The study of drugs and their actions on the body
Pharmacologist Scientists who study the effects of drugs on the body
Plant drug souce Morphine, Heroin, Codeine, Atropine, Digoxin
Animal drug source Insulin, Oxytocin
Mineral drug source NaHCO3, CaCl, MgSO4
Synthetic drug source lidocaine, Diazepam, Human insulin
Black box window FDA regulated label that informs users of the potential problems with drug that may lead to death or to serious injury
Medical director The individual physician who assumes the medical oversight role of EMS providers
Direct medical control Online medical control, medical orders given over the telephone or radio
Indirect medical control Standing orders, protocols.
Schedule I No recognized medical use, High abuse potential. Research use only
Schedule II Written prescription required. No telephone renewals, In an emergency, a prescription may be poned in
Schedule III Written prescriptions required to be re-written after 6 months or five refils. Scripts may be ordered via phone
Schedule IV Prescriptions required to be rewritten after 6 months or five refills
Schedule V Dispenses as any (nonnarcotic) prescription. Some may be dispensed with out a prescription unless additional state regulations apply.
Drug profile names; classificarion, mechanism of action, indications, pharmacokinetics, side effects, routes of administration, contraindications, dosage, how supplied, special considerations
Drug forms Tincture, suspesion, spirit, emulsion, elixirs(tonic), syrups
Solution preperations that contain the drug diluted in a solvent, usually water.
Tincture preparations whereby the drug was extracted chemically with alcohol
Suspension drugs that do not remain dissolved, drugs tend to separate and need to be shaken before every use
Spirits drug solutions containing volatile chemicals dissolved in alcohol
Emulsions drug preparations in which an oily substance is mixed with a solvent into which it does nto dissolve.
Elixirs (tonics) Drug preparations that contain alcohol solvent. often flavored with cherry
Syups Drugs often suspended in sugar and water to improve the taste
Parenterall drugs drugs administered through IM, IV, SQ
Pills Drugs that are shaped into a form that makes them easy to swallow
Powders Drugs in powder form
Capsules Gelatin containers into which powders is placed
Tablets Similiar to pills but are often coated with sugar like substance to inprove flavor
Suppositories Drugs administered recatally or vaginally
Inhalants Powdered or liquid forms of a drug that are given using the respiratory route and are absorbed rapidly by the rich supply of capillaries in the lungs
Antagonism opposition between 2 or more medications
Bolus a single, often times a large dose of medication
Contraindication Medical or physiological conditions present in a patient that would make it harmful to administer a medication of otherwise known theraputic value
Cumulative action an added effect occurs when is administered in several doses, causing an increased effect. This increased effect usually due to a quantitative build up of the drug in the blood
Depressant A medication that decreases or lessens a body function or activity
Habituation A physical or psycological dependance on a drug
Hypersensitivity A eraction to a substance that is normally moreprofound than seen in a population not sensitive to the substance
Idiosyncrasy An indivual reaction toa drug that is usually different from that seen in the general public
Indication A medical condition or conditions in which the drug has proven to be of theraputic value
Potentiation the enhancement of ones drug's effect by another
Refractory Patients or conditions that do not respond to a drug are said to be this...
Side effects unavoidable, undesired effects frequently seen even in theraputic doses
Stimulant A drug that enhances or increases a bodily function. ie cofee
Synergism The combined action of 2 drugs, the action is much stronger than the effects of either drug administered seperately
Theraputic action Desired intended action of a drug given in appropriate medical condition
Tolerance When patients are recieving drugs on a long term basis, they may require larger and larger doses of the drug to achieve a theraputic effect
Untoward effect a side effect that is proves harmful to the patient
Assay A test that determines the amount of putiry of a given chemical in a preperation in the laboratory
Bioassay Test to ascertain a drug's availability in a biological model
Bioequivalence Relative theraputic effectiveness of chemically equivalent drugs
Controlled drug Federal, state, and local laws control the use of a drug that may lead to drug abuse or drug dependance
Drug Any substance that is introduced into the body that changes a body function
Enteral Administration of a drug via the gastrointestinal tract
Created by: klprentiss1299