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Plants

Important plants of Maine

QuestionAnswer
White pine ecology Dominant tree for much of NE forest.Seeds from cones are eaten by rodents and birds.
Red oak ecology Dominant tree for much of NE forest. Acorns are eaten by rodents
Milkweed ecology Critical for monarch butterflies laying eggs on it and caterpillars eating it. Many insects get nectar from flowers
Burdock ecology Flowers are used by many insects
Staghorn sumac ecology Leaves
Cattail ecology Stabilizes mud in marsh areas. Prevents erosion. Nesting habitat for many birds. Muskrats eat them. Dominant marsh vegetation.
Japanese barberry ecology Berries eaten by birds and rodents. Invasive species crowds out other native shrubs. Dense cover is habitat for mice and ticks.
Japanese knotweed ecology Thick growth is habitat for many birds and rodents. Insects use nectar from flowers in fall. Invasive species
Paper birch ecology One of the first trees to regrow in cleared forests. Leaves and bark eaten by beaver
Beach rose ecology Dense root network stabilizes loose sand to prevent erosion on beaches. Flowers feed many insects. Rose hips feed birds.
Wild grape ecology Food source for many birds
Irish moss ecology Grows on rocks below the low-tide line. Habitat for small fish and crabs. Eaten by some fish and crabs.
Jewel weed ecology Grows best in damp shady soil. Spreads rapidly in fields and forest edges. Nectar for hummingbirds and butterflies.
Yarrow ecology Flowers for insects. Tolerates dry conditions. Fungi associated with roots.
Weeping willow ecology Fast growing roots stabilize stream banks and prevent erosion. Flowers give nectar to bees in early spring.
Arrowhead ecology Aquatic plant grows in shallow ponds. Food for beavers
Sensitive fern ecology Shelter for frogs and salamanders Some animals nibble young leaves
Sugar maple ecology Seeds eaten by birds and squirrels. Leaves easily decay and enrich soil. Roots take so much water that very little grows beneath them.
White pine uses Tall straight trunks for lumber
Red oak uses Strong tight wood for furniture
Milkweed uses Latex for paint
Burdock uses The prickly seed capsules were the inspiration for Velcro. Root sliced and fried as a food in Japan
Staghorn sumac uses Berries can be used to make a lemonade drink.
Cattail uses Lots of edible parts all year long. The pollen from the flowerstalk can be ground to flour. Young stems are edible. The rhizomes underground are starchy.
Japanese barberry uses Used as a decorative plant in gardens and along fences. Lyme disease rates are higher in areas with barberry.
Japanese knotweed uses Used to form thick barriers between properties or as a decorative plant. Young shoots are edible in April. Medicinal use for heart disease
Paper birch uses Firewood
Beach rose uses Petals and rose hips are edible. Excellent source of vitamin C.
Wild grape uses Grapes have been bred to sweeter and larger varieties for wine
Irish moss uses Contains carrageenan
Jewelweed uses Juice from stems relieves itching from insect bites and poison ivy. Blue seeds are edible.
Yarrow uses Crushed leaves and stems help stop bleeding and reduce swelling in wounds.
Weeping willow uses Flexible stems used for baskets and fences. Pain relief from salicylic acid in bark (aspirin). Roots can clog septic lines and crack foundations.
Arrowhead uses Tubers on roots are edible
Sensitive fern uses Young stems are good as a steamed vegetable. Too much might be toxic
Sugar maple uses Sap used for making syrup
Created by: buchwalder
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