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Formation of Sedimentary Rock

Weathering The process of breaking down rocks into smaller pieces through natural forces such as wind, water, and ice.
Erosion The process of carrying sediment to a new location through natural forces such as wind, water, ice, and gravity.
Deposition The process of dropping sediment in a new location through natural forces such as wind, water, and gravity.
Cementation The last step in the formation of sedimentary rock where minerals from the water stick the sediment all together.
Compaction The process of squeezing sediment together due to the weight of the layers on top.
Decomposition The process by which dead plants and animals decay.
Sedimentary Rocks that are formed when sediment are compacted and cemented together.
Sediment Broken up pieces of rock that are mixed with minerals and organic matter such as dead plants and animals.
Fossil Fuels Made from the remains of dead plants and animals that have been stuck between the layers of sedimentary rock.
Coal A solid fossil fuel that is formed from the remains of plants over very long periods of time.
Oil A liquid fossil fuel formed from the remains of plants and animals over long periods of time; also referred to as petroleum.
Natural Gas Fossil fuel formed from the remains of plants and animals over long period of time.
Created by: gvillarreal032
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