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Physical Properties

8.P.1.1

QuestionAnswer
Physical properties characteristics that can be observed or measured WITHOUT changing the composition or identity of the substance
Texture the feel of an object
Temperature the amount of thermal energy a substance has Measured with a thermometer
Luster the quality of reflecting light from a surface or how shiny an object is
Dull the opposite of luster
Color the characteristic of substance with respect to light reflected by the substance
Mass the amount of matter in an object
Weight the force of an object due to gravity
Volume The amount of space an object takes up
Melting, Freezing, Boiling Points The exact temperature a substance begins to freeze, melt, or boil - It is different for every substance
States of Matter solid, liquid, gas and plasma
Density How tightly packed together the molecules are in a given space
Density Formula mass divided by volume (D = m/v)
Ductile describes a material that can be pulled out into a long wire.
Malleable The ability to be hammered & shaped - Think "mallet" or hammer
Solubility the ability of one substance to dissolve into another substance
Insoluble when a substance will NOT dissolve in to another substance
Flexible capable of bending without breaking
Brittle Easily broken; not flexible
Conductivity the ability to conduct (transfer) heat or electricity
Magnetic when an substance has a magnetic attraction
Specific Heat the amount of heat or energy required to increase the temperature of 1g of a substance by 1℃.
Condensation State/Phase of matter change from a gas to a liquid
Vaporization State/Phase of matter change from a liquid to a gas
Fusion State/Phase of matter change from a solid to a liquid
Solidification State/Phase of matter change from a liquid to a solid
Deposition State/Phase of matter change from a gas to a solid
Sublimation State/Phase of matter change from a solid to a gas without becoming a liquid
Created by: jhandy8
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