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Chapter 6

Cultural Geography The study on where is a culture located and why it is located there.
Culture Hearth Where the cultural ideas, innovations, and traditions start.
Cultural diffusion When cultures spread out to other regions.
Cultural landscape Human imprints on the natural landscape
Hydraulic Civilization Theory Whoever controls the irrigation and food controls the civilization
Spatial Diffusion The spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element.
Expansion diffusion The spreading of an innovation or an idea through a fixed population in such way that the number of those adopting it grows continuously large, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination.
Relocation diffusion Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they relocate to new areas.
Stateless Nation A national group that aspires to become an independent state but lacks the territorial means to do so.
Choke point A narrowing of an international waterway causing marine traffic congestion.
Fragmented modernization A checkered board like spatial pattern of modernization in an emerging market economy.
Desalination The process of removing salt from water.
Domino effect The belief that political destabilization in one state can result in the collapse of order in a neighboring state, triggering a chain of events.
Religious Revivalism Religious movement whose objective are to return to the foundations of that faith and to influence state policy.
Jihad A doctrine within Islam. Commonly translated as holy war, it entails a personal or collective struggle on the part of Muslims to live up to the religious standards prescribed by the Koran.
Insurgent State Territorial embodiment of a successful guerrilla movement.
Caliphate An imperial scale Islamic government led by a caliph, considered a direct successor of the Prophet Muhammad, who rules and exerts moral authority over Muslim worldwide.
Basin Irrigation Farming technique devised by ancient Egyptians to trap the Nile's annual floodwaters and their fertile silt by building fields with earthen ridges.
Externality Effect A negative consequence of an action, which countries try to minimize.
Turkish Model A multi party democracy that has a place for, but is not dominated by, Islamic political parties.
Megacity A city with a population over 10 million.
Sovereign Wealth Fund Part of Saudi Arabia's plan for a new economic future as an industrial power rather than an oil producer.
Rain Shadow Effect The relative dryness in areas downwind of mountain ranges resulting from orographic precipitation, wherein moist air masses are forced to deposit most of their water content as they cross the highlands.
Islamic Front The southern border of the African Transition Zone that marks the religious frontier of the Muslim faith in its southward penetration of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Failed State A country whos institutions have collapsed and in which anarchy prevails.
Environmental Determinism A geographic school of thought, popular in the fist quarter of the twentieth century, that maintains the physical environment determines human behavior and/ or social outcomes.
Created by: pl251791
Popular Geography sets




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