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Unit 3 Study Guide
Organisms process information
|Why are bald eagles able to see their prey in the water from high in the sky but fisherman cannot see the fish in the water from his boat?
|Bald eagles have two centers of focus which allow them to see forward and to the side at the same time. Their vision is much keener than the vision of a human, can see a mile away. Eyelids are translucent, can see through them even when they are sleeping.
|Flowers, fruit and cones are the ____ parts of plants.
|Flowers, fruits and cones ____ and ____ seeds.
|produce and harbor
|Seeds do or do not always fall directly from their plant? They are often dispersed through a variety of methods including ___, __, __, __.
|do not wind, water, animals, humans
|Plants have ____ which are responsible for anchoring the plant in the soil and soaking up ___ and __ from the soil.
|roots nutrients and water
|Plants have ___ which are responsible for transporting water and nutrients from the ____ throughout the plant, as well as helping ____ the plant and help it to stand tall.
|stems roots supports
|Plants have ____ which are responsible for a process known as photosynthesis. This is where plants ___ ___ to make sugar called ___.
|leaves trap sunlight, photosynthesis
|Plants have _____ which serves as the reproductive part. Flowers are ___, eggs are __, and seeds are ___.
|flowers pollinated, fertilized, produced
|Plants have special _____ that allow them to survive in their environment. What is an example of this?
|adaptations, some plants can change the chemicals in their leaves in order to taste bad to predators.
|What are 2 other examples of adaptations of plants?
|plants in water have flexible stems in order to sway with the waters movements. some plants have spikes or prickles to provide protections, desert plants store water in their stems since it does not rain much in their environment.
|All plants get their energy from the ___
|Although plants do not have brain or the ability to get up and move form one location to another, they do have ____ that allow them to respond to their environment. What are some examples of plants responding to their environment?
|behaviors roots growing deep into the soil, stems growing upwards, plants turning toward the sun
|Animals are able to see a variety of distances based on their ___ ____. Give some examples of different animals
|eye structure lions eyes in front to hone in on prey, gazelles have eyes on side to watch for predators, bald eagles can see up to one mile and wide vision.
|Animals have a variety of ___ structures based on the food they eat. Give some examples.
|mouth birds variety of beak shapes based on whether they eat met, seeds or nectar, cows have flat teeth because they are herbivores and need thier teeth to chomp plants, lions have sharp teeth bc they are carnivores and need teeth to tear flesh.
|Animals also have many other ___ structures to aid in their survival including their _____
|tails, claws, body shapes, flippers, fins, wings, legs, fur, hair , feathers
|Animals have special adaptations that allow them to survive in their environment. For examples: penguins have ____ which is protective coloration from predators underwater and in the sky.
|Snakes have an adaptation of _____ which enable them to blend in with their surrounds.
|Praying mantis have adaptations of ____ which enable them to look and act like another object to protection themselves from predators.
|Birds have an adaptation of ____ from one place to another due to climate and environmental changes. Other examples of animal adaptations include ___, ___, ___.
|migrate thick fur/hair, hibernation, long legs/claws
|Unlike plants, animals do do have brains. The brains primary roles are to _____, ____, ____, ____.
|interpret information, make movements, make decisions and store memories
|What are the sense that animals use to help them catch prey, protect themselves from danger?
|eyes, ears, nose and mouth
|Animals process the information from their ___ in their brains in order to respond to the environment.
|Animals use their ___ and ___ to guide their actions. Some automatically like spiders ____ ____, humans ___, sea turtles ___ and go to the ____.
|perceptions and memories spin webs, blink, hatch and go to sea
|Some animal responses have to be taught these are called _____ _____. Some examples are a mother tiger teaches her babies how to ____. Parents teach their children how to ______.
|learned behaviors hunt and catch prey, ride a bike.
|Animals need ____ to protect themselves from weather and predators. Some use shelter to ____ and ____.
|shelter, raise their young and store food.
|Animals use different types of shelters in different ____. Animals that live in forest may _____. Animals that live in the prairie or the arctic may ____.
|habitats climb trees or build nest to survive. burrow in dens
|Humans can _____ affect the environment in many ways. Some examples are ____, ___, ___. Think about the holes created in the giant sequoia trees.
|negatively habitat loss, pollutions, damage