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Ocean Test Review

Ocean Floor, Tides, Currents, Waves, and Life

QuestionAnswer
What is the up and down movement of surface water? waves
What is caused by wind pushing against the surface of the water? surface waves
What can the winds of a hurricane cause? storn surge
What is the steady flow of water in a regular pattern in the ocean? currents
Ocean currents transport warm water from the Equator to the polar regions which helps to regulate _________________ around the world. temperatures
What is the warm water Atlantic Ocean current that flows from south to north along the eastern coast of North America? Gulf Stream
Sailors long ago would catch the current off the coast of VA. This current would help them get to ___________________. Europe
The rise and fall in the water level of the ocean is called a __________________. tides
The _________'s gravity pulls on the earth causing tides. moon
Oceans cover ____% of the Earth’s surface. 71
______________ describes how salty an ocean is. Salinity
The deeper the water, the ________ sunlight reaches to warm it. less
______________________ is the force of water pressing against whatever it surrounds Water pressure
Flat, low lying land area at the sea coast (beach) where we build sandcastles, walk, play games, get a tan, and read a book Coastal plain
A deep valley in the ocean floor, the deepest part of the ocean Oceanic trench
A steep slope that continues from the continental shelf and leads to the abyssal plain Continental slope
Vast flat area on the deep ocean floor Abyssal plain
A gradually sloping portion of the ocean floor that is made of the continental crust where we swim, ride the waves, fish, ski, parasail, and kite surf Contitnental shelf
system of underwater mountains and valleys, usually parallel to an oceanic trench. oceanic ridge
Underwater mountains or volcanoes are called ________. Seamounts
What is animal-like plankton called? Zooplankton
What increases as you get deeper into the ocean? pressure
Plant-like plankton is called... phytoplankton
The Gulf Stream is a warm water _______________. current
Created by: lkcasteel
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