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Week 1-9

QuestionAnswer
1. What body systems are interacting when you run to class after the late bell and how? Skeletal, Muscular, Respiratory, and circulatory
2. Which infectious agent is unicellular, prokaryotic, and can be cured with antibiotics? bacteria
3. Which infectious agent is caused by a multicellular organism and spreads with spores?
4. What is unique about parasitic infections? They damage the host 99% of the time.
5. Which infectious agent is non-living? Virus
6. What are 3 structures that are different in plant and animal cells?
7. From smallest to largest, list the hierarchy of living things. Atom, Molecule, Organelle, Cell, Organ
8. What are 3 parts of the cell theory? Cells are the basic unit of life, all living things are made up of cells, all cells come from pre-existing cells
9. If you cross homozygous dominant mother with a homozygous recessive father, what will the genotype of the offspring be? They are all Heterozygous.
10. What's your mnemonic for the classification system & what does each word stand for? King Philip Comes Over For Good Spaghetti. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Orger, Family, Genus, Species
11. What is the process by which organisms that are best suited to their environment survive and pass on their genetic traits? Natural Selection
12. What are the 5 Spheres (what's in each one)? Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Cryosphere, Biosphere. Geosphere- rocks, minerals, land. Hydrosphere- water, vapor, ice. Atmosphere- air, water vapor. Cryosphere- ice, ice gaps, and glaciers. Biosphere- all living things.
13. What are 5 ways humans negatively impact the environment. Overpopulation, pollution, burning fossil fuels, deforestation, not recycling.
14. How are the 3 types of rocks in the rock cycle formed? Pressure and Heat. Melting and Cooling. Compaction from minerals (weathering and erosions).
15. What are the 4 ways Earth’s surface is built up and torn down over time? Weathering, Erosion, Volcanoes, Land Slides.
16. Name 5 landforms we see in Florida? Sandunes, Hills, Coastline, Swamps, Canyons.
17. What are the 3 types of plate boundaries and what do they cause? Divergent Boundary- make ridges. Convergent Boundary- make mountains, volcanoes, and trenches. Transform Boundary- make earthquakes
18. What are 2 ways the Earth changes slowly and 2 ways it changes rapidly? Erosion, weathering =slow. Volcanic eruptions, earthquakes =rapid.
19. List and describe 3 kinds of heat transfer for the thermal energy from the Sun once it enters Earth's atmosphere. Radiation, Conduction, and Convection.
20. What are 2 natural phenomenon seen on Earth caused by the uneven heating from the Sun? Hurricanes, and tornadoes.
21. Describe the Law of Superposition. The oldest layer is at the base and that the layers are progressively younger with ascending order in the sequence.
22. What technique is used to determine the precise age of a rock using radioactive isotopes and their half lives? The abundances of parent and daughter isotopes in a sample can be measured and used to determine their age.
23. What is the purpose of a scientific' theory? Give 2 examples. Used to predict the occurences in the natural world and describe the causes of natural phenomena. Ex: “When the sun is out, it tends to make it bright outside.” "The wind blows, when the heat outside is uneven.
24. What is the purpose of a scientific law? Give 2 examples. To explain statements, based on repeated experiments or observations, that describe or predict a range of natural phenomena. Ex: Newton's first law of motion. Newton's second law of motion.
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