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HM2 Lab values

Serum lab values - HM2 lilk8tob

Creatinine Men 0.6 - 1.2
Creatinine women 0.5 - 1.1
In renal failure, creatinine will increase
BUN 10 - 20
In renal failure, BUN will Increase, so control protein intake
Sodium 136 - 145
In renal failure, sodium will be normal or decreased
Potassium 3.5 - 5.0
In renal failure, potassium will increase, so avoid salt substitutes
pH 7.35-7.45
In renal failure, pH will decrease (in met. acidosis)
Bicarbonate 21 - 28
In renal failure bicarbonate will decrease
CO2 35 - 45
In renal failure, CO2 will decrease
Hemoglobin Men 14-18
Hemoglobin Women 12-16
In renal failure, hemoglobin will decrease, which indicates anemia
Hematocrit Men 42-52%
Hematocrit Women 37-47%
In renal failure, hematocrit will decrease to 20%,
Phosphorus 3.0 - 4.5
In renal failure, phosphorus will increase, which can cause decreased calcium levels
Calcium 9 - 10.5
In renal failure, calcium will decrease, so control phosphate 1st
Specific gravity of urine 1.010 - 1.025
In renal failure, specific gravity of urine will be decreased and fixed
Glucose in urine none or less than 15 mg/dL
In renal failure, glucose is increased
Protein in urine 0-8mg/dl
In renal failure, protein will increase with glomerular damage
Blood in urine none or 2-3 RBC's
WBC's in urine 0-5, and are increased in UTI
BUN and creatinine rise together (same ratio) renal failure
Signs of hyperkalemia dizziness, weakness, cardiac irregularities, muscle cramps, diarrhea
Signs of low hemoglobin pallor, weakness, dizziness, SOB
Signs of Hypocalcemia abdominal cramps, hyperactive reflexes, tingling fingertips, spasms in feet & wrists
Created by: lilk8tob