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unit 5 vocab

QuestionAnswer
A molecule that is present in all living cells. DNA
One of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and Protein. Chromosomes
The life cycle of a cell. Cell Cycle
the period of the cell cycle during which cell growth and protein synthesis occur. Interphase
the process in cell division where the number of chromosomes decreases. Mitosis
the division of the cytoplasm of a cell. Cytokinesis
Chromosomes that have the some genes and structure. Homologous Chromosomes
the process in cell division where the number of Chromosomes decreases to half of it's original amount. Meiosis
reproduction that doesn't involve the union of sex cells. Asexual Reproduction
reproduction where the sex cells of two parents unite. Sexual Reproduction
the union of the male and female gamet to create a zygote Fertilization
The passing of genetic material from parent to offspring Heredity
one set of instructions for an inherited trait Gene
one of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic Allele
the entire genetic makeup of an organism Genotype
an organism's appearance or other detectable characteristics Phenotype
In, genetics describes an allele that is fully expressed whenever the allele is present in an individual Domiant
describes an allele that will be masked unless the organism is homozygous for the trait. Recessive
a condition in which two alleles are expressed such that the heterozygous individual is an intermediate of the phenotypes of the two homozygous parents Incomplete Dominance
a condition in which two alleles are expressed such that the phenotype of a heterozygous individual is a combination of the phenotypes of the two homozygous parents Codominance
a graph used to predict the results of a genetic cross Punnett square
the likelihood that a possible future event will occur probability
a comparison of two numbers using division Ratio
a diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in several generations of a family Pedigree
Created by: dw.6765
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