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Water Distribution

8.E.1.1

QuestionAnswer
Aquifer An underground layer of rock or soil that holds water
Artesian Well An underground water source in which water rises because of the pressure from the weight of the rocks and soil above the aquifer
Freshwater Water we use on Earth for cooking, drinking, etc.; water that does not contain salt
Groundwater Water located below Earth's Surface
Glacier A large mass of ice moving over land
Habitat Place where an organism lives and receives all the things it needs to survive.
Impermeable Does not allow water to flow through
Infiltration The downward entry of water into the soil or rock surface
Permeable Having pores or openings that allow water or other liquids to flow through them
Reservoir A lake that stores water for human use
Wetland A land area that is covered with a shallow layer of water during some or all of the year (marsh, bog, swamp)
River Basin A region of land drained by a river and it's tributaries; made up of multiple watersheds
Watershed An area of land that catches rain and snow and where water flows downward into a specific river, stream, lake or aquifer
Saltwater Water that can not be immediately used by humans; found in oceans
Desalination The removal of salt from seawater to make it usable for drinking and farming
Transpiration Loss (evaporation) of water from a plant through its leaves
Surface Water Water above the surface of the land, including lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, floodwater, and runoff.
Water table The location where the saturated and unsaturated water zones meet.
Unsaturated zone A layer of rocks and soil above the water table in which the pores contain air as well as water
Saturated zone The area of permeable rock or soil in which the cracks and pores are totally filled with water.
Recharge The replenishment of an aquifer by the absorption of water
Percolation The flow of water through soil & porous or fractured rock
Estuary A habitat in which the freshwater of a river meets the salt water of the ocean.
Created by: jhandy8
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