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Unit 1A

Unit 1A - The Legal Profession (TOLES)

barrister This person is a lawyer who gives legal advice and opinions to solicitors. He or she passed the exams of the Bar Council of England & Wales at the end of his or her studies.
attorney This person is a lawyer who gives legal advice to individuals and companies. He or she passed his or her exams in the USA at the end of his or her studies and is usually a member of the American Bar Association.
solicitor This person is a lawyer who gives legal advice to individuals and companies. He or she passed the exams of the Law Society of England & Wales at the end of his or her studies
lawyer This the general job title that we use for people who work as a solicitor, barrister or attorney.
client a person who engages the professional advice or services of another
law firm a group of lawyers who work together as a business
judge 1: to hear and decide (as a litigated question) in a court of justice judge a case 2: to pronounce after inquiry and deliberation he was judged incompetent
practise the form and manner of conducting judicial and quasi-judicial proceedings / the continuous exercise of a profession also : the performance of services that are considered to require an appropriate license / engaged in the unauthorized practice of law
training contract A training contract in law is a two-year training period carried out in a law firm or in-house in a large organisation by law graduates pursuing a career as a solicitor.
acting for In some circumstances, authorizes providers to permit law enforcement officials and persons acting for them to intercept without a warrant communications of "computer trespassers" (persons who access protected computers without authorization)
qualified fitted (as by training or experience) for a given purpose or condition / being in compliance or accordance with specific requirements or conditions
legal practice the carrying out of the profession of being a lawyer. "two lawyers have been suspended from legal practice" the business or premises of a lawyer. "he is considering setting up his own legal practice"
partnership an association of two or more persons or entities that conduct a business for profit as co-owners
represent to substitute in some capacity for: act the part of, in place of, or for (as another person) usually by legal right: to provide legal representation to as a lawyer, to act as the representative of in a class action
litigation the act, process, or practice of settling a dispute in a court of law : the act or process of litigating
advocacy 1: the profession or work of an advocate 2: the action of advocating, pleading for, or supporting a cause or proposal
pleading a case formal written statement in civil actions, usually drafted be counsel, served by a party on his opponents, starting allegations of fact upon which the party pleading was claiming relief, but not the evidence by which the facts were to be proved.
specialise in general: specialise - devote oneself to a special area of work; "She specializes in honey bees"; "This baker specializes in French bread"
right of audience right to appear and conduct proceedings in court
a matter a subject or situation, e.g. a criminal matter, a civil matter.
a will a legal document in which a person gives details of what they want to happen to their property after their death.
to be in dispute to have a serious disagreement with another person.
a party to a court case the claimant or the defendant.
to owe money to someone to have to pay someone for something that they have done for you or given to you.
legal costs the court fees and payment for the lawyer who is acting for you.
a procedure a decided way of doing something.
to prosecute to take legal action against someone in the criminal court.
law of tort area of the law that covers most civil suits. the concept of this area of law is to redress a wrong done to a person and provide relief from the wrongful acts of others, usually by awarding monetary damages as compensation.
carelessness the quality of an act which deviates materially from the standard of care which would be expected in the circumstances from a reasonable person.
tort a wrongful act other than a breach of contract that injures another and for which the law imposes civil liability, a violation of a duty imposed by law as distinguished from contract for which damages or declaratory relief may be obtained
damages loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation plural : the money awarded to a party in a civil suit as reparation for the loss or injury for which another is liable
injured person An injury is a harm suffered by a person due to some act or omission done by another person, and can generally give rise to a civil tort claim or a criminal prosecution.
committed consign (someone) officially to prison, especially on remand. "he was committed to prison for contempt of court" send (a person or case) for trial in a higher court. "the magistrate decided to commit him for trial"
to sue transitive verb: to bring an action against : seek justice from by legal process intransitive verb: to bring an action in court
grounds the foundation or basis on which knowledge, belief, or conviction rests : a premise, reason, or collection of data upon which something (as a legal action or argument) relies for validity
allegations 1: the act of alleging 2a: a statement not yet proven allegations in an affidavit b: a statement by a party to a lawsuit of what the party will attempt to prove : AVERMENT
negligence failure to exercise the degree of care expected of a person of ordinary prudence in like circumstances in protecting others from a foreseeable and unreasonable risk of harm in a particular situation
no win-no fee used to describe an arrangement between a lawyer and a client in which the lawyer gets paid only if he or she achieves a satisfactory result for the client: The lawyers have agreed to act on a no win, no fee basis for the group.
breach a violation in the performance of or a failure to perform an obligation created by a promise, duty, or law without excuse or justification
to deal with someone or something to do business with someone or to take the correct action in an area of work.
legal allowed by the law.
valid legally correct and acceptable.
to draft a document to write a document.
to have a right (in intellectual property law) to have a legal interest in something; it is yours.
robber a person who steals money or property using or threatening to use violence.
a divorce the legal ending of a marriage.
to merge (in company law) when two companies join together to form one.
to be based somewhere to be established somewhere as the main place where you work or live.
goods things that are produced so that they can be sold.
fund an amount of money that a person or organisation keeps to pay for something in particular
unfair dismissal right relating to unfair dismissal apply where an employee has served for an appropriate period of continuous employment.
lease of land and buildings in England called as 'building lease': a legal arrangement in which a person or company rents land in order to build houses, shops, offices, etc land lease:
formation of a business term for the process of incorporation of a business in the UK. It is also sometimes referred to as company registration.
landlord the owner of property (as houses, apartments, or land) that is leased or rented to another
maternity leave a period of absence from work granted to a mother before and after the birth of her child. "Elizabeth is now on maternity leave"
discriminate to make a difference in treatment or favor on a basis other than individual merit especially : to make a difference in treatment on a basis prohibited by law (as national origin, race, sex, religion, age, or disability)
tenant one who holds or possesses property by any kind of right : one who holds a tenancy in property specifically : one who possesses property in exchange for payment of rent
capital (of an offence or charge) liable to the death penalty. people who possess wealth and use it to control a society's economic activity, considered collectively. a valuable resource of a particular kind.
sick pay pay given to an employee on sick leave. "as a self-employed person, you get no sick pay or benefits"
insolvent having ceased paying or unable to pay debts as they fall due in the usual course of business (compare BANKRUPT) having liabilities in excess of a reasonable market value of assets held insufficient to pay all debts
conveyancing the act or business of drawing up conveyances (as deeds or leases)
redundancy 1. irrelevant matter in statement of case 2. dismissal of an employee by 'reasons of redundancy' arises where the dismissal is wholly or mainly attributable to the facts: (see The Longman Dictionary of Law
merger the absorption of a lesser estate or interest into a greater one held by the same person / the incorporation and superseding of one contract by another
real estate REAL PROPERTY at property
ownership to have ownership of a property means that the property belongs to you. You are the owner of the property.
assets things that a person or company owns.
debts sums of money that you owe.
rent the money that someone pays, usually every month, to use a flat, a house or an office that belongs to someone else.
fixed something that is fixed is certain and cannot be changed.
Created by: bactra



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