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Prenatal Care

Prenatal Care and Adaptations to Pregnancy

TermDefinition
Abortion the end of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable, whether spontaneous or elective.
Antepartum before the onset of labor.
Braxton Hicks Contractions intermittent contractions of the uterus; they occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor contractions.
Chadwick's Sign a violet blue color of the vaginal mucous membrane caused by increased vascularity; it is a probable sign of pregnancy that is visible about the fourth week of pregnancy.
Chloasma a yellow brown pigmentation over the bridge of the nose and cheeks during pregnancy and in some women who are taking oral contraceptives; also know as the mask of pregnancy.
Colostrum a secretion from the breast before the onset of true lactation; it has a high protein content.
(EDD) Estimated Date of Delivery
Gestational Age the actual time, from conception to birth, that the fetus remains in the uterus.
Goodell's Sign a probable sign of pregnancy occurring during the second month of pregnancy that involves a softening of the cervix.
Gravida the number of times a woman has been pregnant; a pregnant woman.
Hegar's Sign a probable sign of pregnancy that involves softening of the lower uterine segment found upon palpation in the second or third month of pregnancy.
Intrapartum the time of onset of true labor, followed by the delivery of the neonate and finally the placenta.
Lactation the process of producing and supplying breast milk.
(LNMP) Last Normal Menstrual Period
Lightening movement of the fetus and uterus downward into the pelvic cavity, and the fundus no longer presses on the diaphragm.
McDonald's Sign a probable sign of pregnancy in which the examiner can easily flex the cervix against the body of the uterus.
Multipara a woman who has had more than one pregnancy in which the fetus or fetuses were viable (20 weeks of gestation).
Nagele's Rule a method of determining the estimated date of delivery (EDD); after obtaining the first day of the last menstrual period, subtract 3 months and add 7 days.
Para a woman who has given birth to one or more children who reached the age of viability (20 weeks gestation), regardless of the number of fetuses deliver
Postpartum after childbirth.
Primigravida a woman who is pregnant for the first time.
Primipara a woman who has given birth to her first child (past the point of viability), whether or not that child is living or was alive at birth.
Pseudoanemia false anemia
Quickening the first fetal movements felt by the pregnant woman, usually occurring between 16 and 18 weeks of gestation.
Supine Hypotension Syndrome the lowering of blood pressure while in a supine position; occurs as a result of pressure or weight of the pregnant uterus on the inferior vena cava.
Trimester One-third of the gestational time for pregnancy.
Created by: Jessica Venyke