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Musculoskeletal

FA review Round 1 2020

QuestionAnswer
What are the two main characteristics of Rubella unvaccinated patients? Maculopapular rash and Postauricular lymphadenopathy
What was the previous name of Rubella? German (3-day) measles
Important Togavirus Rubella
Common injectable drug used for Rheumatoid arthritis: Etanercept
What is the MOA of Etanercept? Block TNF-alpha binding
What is used to treat acute inflammation? Steroids
What are common complications of Mumps? Parotiditis, Orquitis, Pancreatitis, and Meningitis
How is Pancreatitis expressed in a patient with Mumps? Epigastric pain
What is the Cremasteric reflex? Testicular lift is elicited by stroking the inner thigh
What condition is seen with an absent Cremasteric reflex? Testicular torsion
What is an important reflex lost in Testicular torsion? Cresmatic reflex
Which muscle is stimulated in Cremasteric reflex? Internal Oblique Abdominal muscle
Stimulation of Internal Oblique abdominal muscle causes --> Cresmatic reflex
What is the sensory supply of Ulnar nerve? Over the medial 1 1/2 digits and hypothenar eminence
Which nerve provides sensation to the medial 1 1/2 digits of the hand? Ulnar nerve
The ulnar nerve supplies sensory information of the Thenar or Hypothenar eminence? Hypothenar
What is the motor innervation of the Ulnar nerve? Deep motor branch that supplies most of the intrinsic muscles of the hand, including the ADDUCTOR Pollicis muscle
Which important hand muscle is innervated by the Ulnar nerve? Adductor pollicis
What is a significant symptom of Polymyalgia rheumatica? Morning stiffness in the shoulders
Which conditions associated with Giant-cell arteritis? Polymyalgia rheumatica
Is Polymyalgia rheumatica associated with muscle weakness? No; it does not cause muscle weakness
What is the main treatment for GCA? Prednisone
What is the mode of inheritance of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy? X-linked recessive pattern
What are the clinical features of DMD? Bulging, fatty calf muscles manifesting in early childhood
Which autoimmune condition is due to a microtubule dysfunction? Chediak-Higashi syndrome
What is caused of Chediak-Higashi syndrome? Abnormal cellular trafficking, which results in failure of phagolysosome formation
Common symptoms of Chediak-Higashi syndrome? Progressive neurodegeneration, lymphohistiocytosis, albinism, pyogenic infections, peripheral neuropathy, and bleeding tendencies
What is lymphohistiocytosis? Rare but potentially fatal condition of normal but overactive histiocytes and lymphocytes that commonly appears in infancy
What is the main type treatments for Staph aureus infection? 1. Oral dicloxacillin, 2. IV nafcillin/oxacillin
How does Tacrolimus? Inhibits calcineurin by complexing with FK-binding protein 12
Important Calcineurin inhibitor by binding to FK-binding protein 12. Tacrolimus
Created by: rakomi
 

 



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