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ch.6: breathing emer

breathing emerencies

QuestionAnswer
causes of breathing emergencies? respiratory distress & respiratory arrest
what are some causes of respiratory distress? asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, anaphylactic shock, and hyperventilation
what are the steps for checking life threatened victims? check, call, care
what do you do when you determine that a conious choking infant cannot cry or cough? perform 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts
what is respiratory arrest? when breathing completely stops
what happens to the body when the heart stops? other body systems start to fail
what are some signals for respiratory arrest? absence of breathing and the skin color may change. (cyanotic)
when do you stop giving care? when the scene becomes unsafe, the victim starts to breath, another person takes over, EMS arrives, and/ or your too exhausted to continue.
what is anaomical airway obstruction? complete or partial airway obstruction; by the tongue,or swllen tissues of the mouth and throat
what is a stoma? an opening in the front of the neck in which a person breaths through, becaue their larynx has been removed
what is mechanical airway obstruction? complete or partial blockage of the airway by a foreign object, such as; food, or a small toy
what does it mean when something aspirates? inhalation of blood, vomit, or other foreign materisl into the lungs
what does it mean when someone is cyanotic? when they turn bluish rund the mouth or the the fingertips from a lack of oxygen in the blood
what are some signals of respiratory distress? victims may gasp for air, or cannot catch their breath, appear to breath faster or slower han normal, or may make unusual noises.
what i anahylactic shock? a severe allergic reaction
what is hyperventlation? occurs when breathing is faster than normal
what is bronchitis? is a condition resulting in inflammation of the lining of the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles
what is the care for an airway obstructed victim? a combination of 5 back blows followed by 5 abdominal thrusts
when assessing a victim what is the order os chacking them? from head to toe
what is the acronm for DOTS? D=deformities, O=open injuries, T=tenderness, S=swelling
Created by: sabrina kalene