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Chapter 3 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Unity of Place The great German natural scientist Alexander von Humboldt's notion that in a particular locale or region intricate connections among climate, geology, biology, and human cultures.
Indigenous To be abnormal or native.
Altiplano High elevation plateau, basin, or valley between even higher mountain ranges, especially in the Andes of South America.
Land Alienation One society or culture group taking land from another.
Liberation theology A powerful religious movement that arose in South America during the 1950s and subsequently gained followers throughout the global periphery
Cultural Purism A society in which two or more population groups, each practicing its own culture, live adjacent to another with out mixing inside a single state.
Commercial Agriculture For profit agriculture
Subsistence Agriculture Farmers who eke out a living on a small plot of land on which they are only able to grow enough food to support their families or best a small community.
Remote Sensing The indirect capture of images by specially equipped, Earth-orbiting satellites.
Uneven development The notion that economic development varies spatially, a central tenet of core periphery relationships in realms, regions, and lesser geographic entities.
Supranationalism A venture involving three or more states-political, economic, and/or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives.
Rural to Urban migration The dominant migration flow from countryside to city that continues to transform the world's population, most notably in the less advantages geographic realms.
Informal sector Dominated by unlicensed sellers of homemade goods and services, the primitive form of capitalism found in many developing countries that take place beyond the control of government.
Barrios Refers to an urban community in a Middle or South American city.
Favela Shantytown on the outskirts or even well within an urban area in Brazil.
Megacities Most heavily populated cities 10 million plus people.
Central business district The downtown heart of a central city; marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings.
Gini Index A measure of inequality within a given area, ranging from 0 to 100.
Dependencia theory Originating in South America during the 1960s, it was a new way of thinking about economic development and underdevelopment that explained the persistent poverty of certain countries of their unequal relations with other (i.e. rich) countries.
Insurgent State Territorial embodiment of a successful guerrilla movement. The establishment by antigovernment insurgents of a territorial base in which they exercise full control; thus a state within a state.
Failed State A country whos institutions have collapsed and in which anarchy prevails.
Neoliberal policies Policies adhering to an ideology or development strategy that advocates the privatization of state-run companies, lowering the international trade tariffs, reduction of government subsides, cutting of corporate taxes, and deregulation business activity.
Landlocked Country An interior state wholly surrounded by land. No coasts.
Human Development Index A UN index that is a composite measure of life expectancy, education, and income per capita.
Triple Frontier The turbulent and chaotic area in southern South America that surrounds the convergence of Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay.
Primate City A country's largest city-ranking atop its urban hierarchy-most expressive of the national culture and usually( but not in every case) the capital city as well.
Viticulture The growing of grapes for the production of wine.
Elongation Refers to territorial configuration of a state that is at least six times longer than its average width.
Buffer State A country or set of countries separating ideological or political adversaries.
Entrepot A place, usually a port city, where goods are imported, stored, and transshipped; a break of bulk point.
Forward Capital Capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory, usually near an international border; it confirmed the state's determination to maintain its presence in the area of contention.
Cerrado Regional term referring to the fertile savannas of Brazil's interior Central-West that make it one of the world's most promising agricultural frontiers.
Negative Externalities Undesirable side-effects and/or byproducts of an action.
Growth pole concept An urban center with a number of attributes that, if augmented by investment support, will stimulate regional development in its hinterland.
Created by: pl251791
 

 



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