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Ch 40-42

Maternity and Pediatric

anklyosis immobility of a joint
compartment syndrome a serious neuromuscular concern that occurs when increasing pressure within the muscle compartment causes decreased circulation
halo traction metal ring attached to the skull that is added to a body cast using stainless steel pins inserted into the skull and into the femurs or iliac wings
kyphosis backward and lateral curvature of the cervical spine -hunchback
lordosis forward curvature of the lumbar spine -swayback
metaphysis growing portion of the bone
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
skeletal traction pull exerted directly on skeletal structures by means of pins, wires, tongs, or another device surgically inserted through the bone
skin traction pull on tape, rubber, or plastic materials attached to the skin that indirectly exerts pull on the musculoskeletal system
synovitis inflammation of a joint -most commonly the hip in children
traction force applied to an extremity or other part of the body to maintain proper alignment and to facilitate healing of a fractured bone or dislocated joint
uveitis an inflammation of the middle (vascular) tunic of the eye, includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid
allergen antigen that causes an allergic reaction
allograft skin graft taken from a genetically different person for temporary coverage during burn healing. Skin from a cadaver is sometimes used
autograft skin taken from an individual's own body. Except for the skin of an identical twin, autograft is the only kind of skin accepted permanently by recipient tissues
chancre hard, red, painless primary lesion of syphilis at the point of entry of the spirochete
comedones collection of keratin and sebum in the hair follicle -blackhead, whitehead
contractures fibrous scarring that forms over a burned movable body part. this part of the healing process can cause serious deformities and limit movement
debridement removal of necrotic tissue
eschar hard crust or scab
heterograft graft of tissue obtained from an animal. For burn patients, pig skin (porcine) is often used
homograft graft of tissue, including organs, from a member of one's own species
hydrotherapy use of water in a treatment
hypervolemic increased volume of circulating plasma
hyposensitization immunization therapy by injection -immunotherapy
impunity belief, common among adolescents, that nothing can hurt them
nosocomial hospital or healthcare-associated infection
sebum oily secretion of the sebaceous glands
tinea ringworm
anorexia nervosa eating disorder characterized by loss of appetite due to emotional causes
bulimia nervosa eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating, followed by purging by self-induced vomiting or use of laxatives
dependence compulsive need to use a substance for its satisfying or pleasurable effects
echolalia "parrot speech" typical of autistic children. they echo words they hear, such as a television commercial, but do not appear to understand the words
encopresis chronic involuntary fecal soiling with no medical cause
gynecomastia excessive growth of the mammary glands in the male
obesity excessive accumulation of fat that increases body weight by 20% or more over ideal weight
overweight more than 10% over ideal weight
polyphagia increased food consumption
rumination voluntary regurgitation
substance abuse the misuse of an addictive substance, such as alcohol or drugs, that changes the user's mental status
tolerance in substance abuse, ability of body tissues to endure and adapt to continued or increased use of a substance
withdrawal symptoms in substance abuse, physical and psychological symptoms that occur when the drug is no longer being used
Created by: ahoyyitbeaddi
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