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Ch 34-39

Maternity and Pediatric

QuestionAnswer
anticipatory grief preparatory grieving that often helps caregivers mourn the loss of their child when death actually comes
hospice provides comforting and supportive care to terminally ill patients and their families. There are few hospice programs for children in the United States
thanatologist person, sometimes a nurse, trained especially to work with the dying and their families
unfinished business completing matters that will help ease the death of a loved one: saying the unsaid, doing acts of love and caring, recognizing time is limited and filling that time with the important issues that need to be taken care of
amblyopia dimness of vision from disuse of the eye -sometimes called lazy eye
astigmatism error in light refraction on the retina caused by unequal curvature in the eye's cornea -light rays bend in different directions to produce a blurred image
ataxia lack of coordination caused by disturbances in the kinesthetic and balance senses
aura a sensation that signals an impending epileptic attack -may be visual, aromatic, or other sensation
binocular vision normal vision maintained through the muscular coordination of eye movements of both eyes. A single vision results
cataract development of opacity in the crystalline lens that prevents light rays from entering the eye
clonus rapid involuntary muscle contraction and relaxation
conjunctivitis acute inflammation of the conjunctiva that may be caused by a virus, bacteria, allergy, or foreign body
diplopia double vision
dysarthria poor speech articulation
esotropia eye deviation toward the other eye
exotropia eye deviation away from the other eye
febrile seizures seizure occurring in infants and young children commonly associated with a fever of 102-106
goniotomy surgical opening into Schlemm canal that allows drainage of aqueous humor -performed to relieve intraocular pressure in glaucoma
hordeolum purulent infection of the follicle of an eyelash, generally caused by staphylococcus aureus. Localized swelling, tenderness, and pain are present with reddened lid edge (stye)
hyperopia refractive condition in which the person can see objects better at a distance (farsightedness)
lacrimation secretion of tears
myopia ability to see objects clearly at close range but not at a distance (nearsightedness)
myringotomy incision of the eardrum performed to establish drainage and to insert tiny tubes into the tympanic membrane to facilitate drainage of serous or purulent fluid in the middle ear
nuchal rigidity stiff neck
opisthotonos arching of the back so that the head and the heels are bent backward and the body is forward
orthoptics therapeutic exercises to improve the quality of vision
partial seizures a type of seizure with manifestations that vary depending on the area of the brain where they arise
photophobia intolerance to light
purpuric rash rash consisting of ecchymoses (bruises) and petechiae caused by bleeding under the skin
refraction the way light rays bend as they pass through the lens of the eye to the retina
strabismus failure of the two eyes to direct their gaze at the same object, simultaneously -squint, cross-eyed
achylia absence of pancreatic enzymes in gastric secretions
adenoids mass of lymphoid tissue in the nasal pharynx -extends from the roof of the nasal pharynx to the free edge of the soft palate
circumoral pallor a white area around the mouth
coryza runny nose
croup general term that typically includes symptoms of a barking cough, hoarseness, and inspiratory stridor
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
emetic agent that causes vomiting
hypochylia diminished flow of pancreatic enzymes
metered-dose inhaler handheld plastic device that delivers a pre-measured dose of medication
nebulizer tube attached to a wall unit or cylinder that delivers moist air via a face mask
stridor shrill, harsh respiratory sound, usually on inspiration
tonsils two oval masses attached to the side walls of the back of the mouth between the anterior and posterior pillars
wheezing sound of expired air being pushed through obstructed bronchioles
adenopathy enlarged lymph glands
alopecia loss of hair
arthralgia painful joints
bradycardia decreased pulse rate
carditis inflammation of the heart
chorea continuous, rapid, jerky involuntary movements
congestive heart failure (CHF) result of impaired pumping capability of heart. May appear first year of life in infants with conditions such as large ventricular septal defects, coarctation of the aorta, and other defects that place an increased workload on the ventricles
digitalization the use of large doses of digoxin, at the beginning of therapy, to buildup the blood levels of the drug to a therapeutic level
granulocytes type of white blood cell -divided into eosinophils, basophils, and neutrophils
hemarthrosis bleeding into the joints
hirsutism abnormal body and facial hair growth
intrathecal administration injection into the cerebrospinal fluid by lumbar puncture
leukemia uncontrolled reproduction of deformed white blood cells
lymphoblast lymphocyte that has been changed by antigenic stimulation to a structurally immature lymphocyte
lymphocytes single-nucleus, nonphagocytic leukocytes that are instrumental in the body's immune response
monocytes 5-10% of white blood cells that defend the body against infection
petechiae a small hemorrhage appearing as a non-raised, purplish-red spot of the skin, nail beds, or mucous membranes
polyarthritis inflammation of several joints
purpura hemorrhages into the skin or mucous membranes
anthelmintic medication that expels intestinal worms -vermifuge
chelating agent agent that binds with metal
celiac syndrome term used to designate the complexity complex of malabsorptive disorders
colic recurrent paroxysmal bouts of abdominal pain that are fairly common among young infants and that usually disappear around the age of 3 months
craniotabes softening of the occipital bones caused by a reduction of mineralization of the skull
currant jelly stools stools that consist of blood and mucus
diabetic ketoacidosis characterized by drowsiness, dry skin, flushed cheeks, cherry-red lips, and acetone breath with a fruity smell as a result of excessive ketones in the blood in uncontrolled diabetes
encephalopathy degenerative disease of the brain
gastroenteritis infectious diarrhea caused by infectious organisms, including salmonella, Escherichia coli, dysentery bacilli, and various viruses, most notably rotaviruses
insulin reaction excessively low blood sugar caused by insulin overload. results in too-rapid metabolism of the body's glucose -insulin shock, hypoglycemia
invagination telescoping, infolding of one part of a structure into another
Kussmaul breathing abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements
kwashiorkor syndrome occurring in infants/young children soon after weaning, results from severe deficiency of protein. Symptoms include swollen abdomen, retarded growth with muscle wasting, edema, GI changes, thin dry hair with alopecia, apathy, irritability
lactose a sugar found in milk that, when hydrolyzed, yields glucose and galactose
lactose intolerance inability to digest lactose because of an inborn deficiency of the enzyme lactase
marasmus deficiency in calories as well as protein. the child suffers growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle
pica compulsive eating of nonfood substances
polydipsia abnormal thirst
polyphagia increased food consumption
polyuria dramatic increase in urinary output, often with enuresis
pruritus itching
steatorrhea fatty stools
urticaria hives
amenorrhea absence of menstruation
ascites edema in the peritoneal cavity
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
enuresis involuntary urination, especially at night -bed-wetting beyond the usual age of control
hyperlipidemia increase in the level of cholesterol in the blood
intercurrent infections infection that occurs during the course of an already existing disease
leukopenia leukocyte count less than 5,000mm
menarche beginning of menstruation
mittelschmerz pain experienced mid cycle in the menstrual cycle at the time of ovulation
oliguria decreased production of urine, especially in relation to fluid intake
orchiopexy surgical procedure used to bring an undescended testis down into the scrotum and anchor it there
premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms occurring before menstruation, including edema resulting in weight gain, headache, increased anxiety, mild depression, or mood swings
pyelonephritis infection of the kidneys
striae stretch marks
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
Created by: ahoyyitbeaddi
 

 



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