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Microbiology

8.L.1.1 & 8.L.1.2

TermDefinition
Infectious disease a disease that can pass from one organism to another
Pathogen an organism that causes disease
Toxin poisonous substance produced by some pathogens
Bacterial infection Treated with antibiotics Unicellular organisms - Some cause diseases, Some are GOOD for you Ex pneumonia, E. Coli, Salmonella, or antibiotics or yogurt.
Antibiotic drug/chemical that kills or slows the growth of bacteria
Antibiotic resistance the ability of bacteria to resist the effects of an antibiotic
Protist one-celled eukaryotic organisms
Antibody A protein that acts against a specific antigen
Immunity resistance to disease
Vaccination/vaccine injection of a weakened or mild form of a pathogen to produce immunity
Non-infectious disease Disease that CANNOT spread from person to person = diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure, allergies, asthma
Vector Organism that transmits a pathogen from one host to another
Pandemic An infectious disease that has spread across multiple continents, or even worldwide
Epidemic An outbreak of a disease that affects a large number of individuals within a population, community or region at the same time
Outbreak A sudden increase in the number of people getting sick with a disease, more than normal.
Carcinogen A cancer-causing substance such as cigarette smoking or UV sun rays.
Host An organism on which a parasite lives.
Contagion the spread of disease by direct or indirect contact
Microbiology The study of microscopic organisms
Microbe An microorganism invisible to the naked eye, especially one that causes disease, example is a germ
Eukaryote A multicelled organism that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Prokaryote unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
Parasite An organism that feeds on a living host
Fungus group of unicellular or multicellular organisms that feed on organic matter, including molds, yeast, mushrooms.
Virus A NONLIVING particle that invades and then reproduces once inside the host of a living cell. Ex = Chicken Pox, AIDS,COVID, Influenza.
Allergies an immune response by the body to an allergen substance such as pollen, fur, or a particular food, or dust, to which your body becomes hypersensitive.
Autoimmune disease diseases in which a person's own body attacks its own cells
Carrier the organism that carries the disease, may or may not display disease symptoms
Protein coat outside protective coating of a virus that allows it to attach to a healthy to lock in place
Created by: jhandy8
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