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Janssen Bio Ch 13

Biology Chapter 13: Ecology Test Review

QuestionAnswer
What is an individual living thing? organism
What is a group of species that live in one area called? population
What is a group of different species that live together in one area called? community
What are all of the living and non-living things in a given area? ecosystem
What is a major regional or global community usually characterized by climate conditions? biome
What is the term for carefully watching something over time? observation
What kind of experiment is conducted indoors? laboratory
What kind of experiment is conducted outside, where an animal typically lives? field
What is the study of interactions among living things and their environment called? ecology
What contains both communities and ecosystems? biome
What kind of factors are living things? biotic
What kind of factors are non-living things? abiotic
What kind of organism has a large effect on the ecosystem? keystone species
What is the term for the variety of living things in an ecosystem? biodiversity
Ultimately where does all energy for living things come from? sun
What is an organism that gets its energy from eating other organisms? heterotroph
What kind of organism makes its own food? autotroph
What is the process of using energy from chemicals to form carbohydrates? chemosynthesis
What shows the feeding relationship that begins with producers and links to a series of consumers? food chain
What is an organism that eats only plants? herbivore
What is an organism that eats only animals? carnivore
What is an organism that eats both plants and animals? omnivore
What is an organism that eats dead organic matter called? detritivore
What is an organism that breaks down organic matter? decomposer
What is an organism that eats primarily one species? specialist
What is an organism that has a varied diet? generalist
What does a network of linked food chains form? food web
What type of organism forms the base of every food chain? producer
What are the levels of nourishment in a food pyramid called? trophic levels
What is the water that falls to Earth as rain or snow? precipitation
What is the term for the process of water vapor rising into the atmosphere? evaporation
What is the water vapor that is released by plants and rises into the atmosphere? transpiration
What is the water vapor that forms clouds called? condensation
What process do plants and animals need oxygen for? respiration
What gas is released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned? carbon dioxide
What is another name for the water cycle? hydrologic cycle
What is the measure of the total dry mass of organisms in a given area? biomass
What does the bottom layer of an energy pyramid contain? producers
What does the second layer of an energy pyramid contain? primary consumers
What does the third layer of an energy pyramid contain? secondary consumers
What does the top layer of an energy pyramid contain? tertiary consumers
What kind of diagram compares the amount of energy at each trophic level? energy pyramid
What kind of diagram compares the amount of biomass at each trophic level? biomass pyramid
What kind of diagram shows the number of organisms in each trophic level? pyramid of numbers
What is the term for an organism that is NOT a native part of the ecosystem? invasive species
Created by: jjanssen33
 

 



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