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Ch 19 G.H. Biology

Guest Hollow Biology Chapter 19 vocab

bone hard tissue in most vertebrates that consists of a collagen matrix, or framework, filled in with minerals such a calcium
cartilage dense connective tissue that provides a smooth surface for the movement of bones at joints
cranium part of a vertebrate endoskeleton that encloses and protects the brain, also called the skull
ectothermy regulation of body temperature from the outside through behavioral changes such as basking in the sun
endothermy regulation of body temperature from the inside through metabolic or other physical changes
immune system body system that consists of skin, mucous, membranes, and other tissues and organs that defends the body from pathogens and cancer
kidney main organ of the excretory system that filters blood and forms urine
ovipary type of reproduction in which an embryo develops within an egg outside the mother’s body
ovovivipary type of reproduction in which an embryo develops inside an egg within the mother’s body but in which the mother provides no nourishment to the developing embryo in the egg
vertebrae (singular, vertebra) repeating bony units that make up the vertebral column of vertebrates
vivipary type of reproduction in which an embryo develops within, and is nourished by, the mother’s body
fish ectothermic, aquatic vertebrate with a streamlined body and gills for absorbing oxygen from water
spawning depositing large numbers of gametes in the same place and at the same time by fish or amphibians
swim bladder balloon-like internal organ in most fish that can be used to move up or down through the water column by changing the amount of gas it contains
amphibian ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrate that may live on land but must return to water in order to reproduce
cloaca body cavity with a single opening in amphibians, reptiles, and monotreme mammals that collects and excretes wastes from the digestive and excretory systems and gametes from the reproductive system
keratin tough, fibrous protein in skin, nails, and hair
tetrapod vertebrate with four legs (amphibian, reptile, bird, or mammal)
diaphragm large, sheet-like muscle below the lungs that allows breathing to occur when it contracts and relaxes
reptile ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrate that lays amniotic eggs, includes crocodiles, lizards, snakes, and turtles
bird bipedal, endothermic, tetrapod vertebrate that lays amniotic eggs and has wings and feathers (DUH!)
courtship animal behavior that is intended to attract a mate
crop sac-like structure in the digestive system of birds that stores and moistens food before it is digested
generalist organism that can consume many different types of food
gizzard food-grinding organ in the digestive system of birds and some other animals that may contain swallowed stones
incubation period of bird reproduction when one or both parents sit on, or brood, the eggs in order to keep them warm until they hatch
Created by: khirschy
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