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Mythology II

TermDefinition
Enuma Elish Babylonian creation myth (1300 b.c.e); in which Marduk defeats Tiamat, a primordial dragon that lived in salt water chaos, and creates the universe and human beings.
Genesis First book of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament); contains two accounts of creation
Kingship of Heaven Hittite creation story (14th or 13th century b.c.e); the god Kumarbi overthrows his father, Anu.
Aphrodite Goddess of love and beauty; In Hesiod, she is created from the castration of Uranus; in other sources, she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione
Hesiod, Works and Days Hesiod’s other poem; critical of his brother, Perses;shows that conflict happens at the domestic as well as the cosmic level.
Metis Personification of wisdom; first wife of Zeus; he swallows her and produces Athena
Nine Muses Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (memory); sources of inspiration for the arts, music, and intellectual pursuits; Hesiod met them on Mt. Helicon and credits them with inspiring his verse.
Athena Goddess of wisdom, handicrafts, and victory in war; virgin goddess born from Zeus’ brain
Hera Daughter of Cronus and Rhea; sister and wife of Zeus; goddess of marriage and domestic life
Eros In Hesiod, an uncreated primal force that causes attraction and procreation
Hephaestus Son of Hera; god of fire and forge; built the palace of the gods at Olympus; married to Aphrodite
Uranus Son and husband of Gaea, a sky god; overthrown and castrated by Cronus
Gaea An uncreated primal power; produces Uranus; mates with him to create the Titans
Titans Race of giant gods; children of Gaea and Uranus
Typhoeus A monster, half human, half reptile; offspring of Gaea and Tartarus; represents chaos that Zeus had to overcome
Cronus Titan; After overthrowing Uranus, his father, rules the cosmos until his youngest son, Zeus, overthrows him
Rhea Titan; wife of Cronus and mother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, and Hestia
Created by: ab28445
 

 



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